Iran’s Ethnics (Part two)

1- Lor , Bakhtiari, Ghashghaee (2%)

Lor

Lor people are from the Aryan race. They were divided in two main groups of “great Lors” and “small Lors” during “Ilkhanan Mongols” dynasty. Nowadays title of “great Lors” belongs to two groups of “Ghashghaee” and “Bakhtiari” and “small Lors” to people who live in region of “Lorestan”. Lors, lor people, are mainly located in the western and southern of Iran in the main provinces of Lorestan and Kermanshah.

Ghashghaee

Ghashghaie is one of the two great lors of Iran. They are mainly living in the province of “Fars”. They are still living as nomad and moving seasonally from one region to another. “Yeylagh” is the cold region that nomads move there with their cattle during the warm season and “Gheshlagh” is the warm region that they move there during cold season. They are Turk and their language is Turkish-persian. So, they are fluent on both languages. The population of Ghashghaee is estimated around thirthy thousands family.

Bakhtiari

Bakhtiari, great lor, is one of the two most famous and populated lor ethnics of Iran. They are living along the Zagrous maintain, in “two provinces of “Chahar mahal va bakhtiari” and “Khozestan”. “Khozestan” also is the main geographical place for the minor Arabs ethnics. Therefore, during the history they share their culture and tradition with each other.

Lors, due to living in the nature and being away from the cities, are pretty simple, humble and honest. On the other hand, during the history of invasions and wars they were bravely, men and women, defend their family and their country.

The music of Lors is really rich. Their music is mainly in the form of songs. They are divided in seven main groups of romantic, Legendary, morning, seasonal, working , humorous and religious songs. The main instruments of Lors are; Sorna, Dohol, Tal (Kamanche).

Distribution map of Lor ethnic
Nature of Lorestan
A Lor woman

2- Baloch (2%)

Baloch is a group of people/nations in midde-east who live in Iran, Pakestan and Afghanestan. Bloch of Iran are living in Balochestan, Keran and part of Khorasan province. They are among rare nation in this region who kept their ancient style of living as “Badie neshin”. The word “Badie neshin” belongs to a group of people who adapt their style of living with the harsh condition of desert. “Badie” means Desert and “Neshin” means who settled . The whole nature of desert is their home and their land. The harsh condition of desert make them strong and skillful. They are one of the best horse and camel riders in the region. They are mainly farmers and seasonal workers.

Distribution map of Baloch ethnic
Women cloths of Baloch

3- Arab (3%)

Almost two to four percent of the whole population of Iran (two and a half million people) are having Arab race which are mainly live in south of Iran, in Khozestan province and some islands of Persian gulf. The main immigration of Arabs to Iran started after the invasion of Arabs nation to Persia.

They have a special coding cloths. Men have an one piece of long ,usually white, cloth until their ankle, which is called “Dashashe”.

Distribution map of Arab ethnic
Arab’s Men cloths

4- Turkaman (2%)

Turkaman people are mainly located in the center of Asia, primarily the Turkmen nation state of Turkmenistan. The minority of this nation live in north-east of Iran and north-west of Afghanistan. They speak the Turkmen which is a branch of Turkic language. Turkemans were semi nomadic and moving from one region to another region, seasonally. But nowadays they are more settled in the villages and towns. Roughly two percent of papulation of Iran ( one million and a half) are Turkmen. They are living close to the Caspian sea and in Turkmen Sehra. The main musical instrument of Turkmen is “Do Tar” means “Two Strings”.

Beautiful nature of “Torkaman Sahra”
Do Tar
Wedding ceremony of Turkaman

5- Others (1%) (Armenians, Jewish and Assyrians)

Armenians and Jewish

Armenians are the largest Christians group in Iran and are mainly living in Tehran and Isfahan. Their population is between eighty to one hundred twenty thousands. Armenians are respected and right to vote and have two chairs in parliament.

Jewish people have been living in Iran for three millennium. During all these years the culture and religion of Jewish has been entangled with Iranian culture and religion. Nowadays, according to law, Jewish people can have one chair in parliament. Jewish people in Iran have all the rights of Iranian citizen. Jewish people in Kurdestan and Azarbaijan speak “Aarami Kalimi” while the speak Persian or any branch of Persian language in other parts of Iran.

According to history, Assyrians have been living in Iran for centuries. They are mainly living in Azarbaijan. According to the law, the have right to have one chair in parliament.

References:

1- http://pltc.sbu.ac.ir/ آشنایی-کوتاه-با-اقوام-ایرانی/

2- https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/ جمعیت‌شناسی_ایران

3- http://irannama.iran.ir/home/-/irannama/ اقوام+و+نژادها

4- https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/ ترکمن‌ها

5- https://www.karnaval.ir/behavior-features-lorestan

6- https://www.karnaval.ir/property-behavioural-people-north-iran

7- https://www.mehrnews.com/news/3578321/ لباس-آذری-ها-نماد-اصالت-و-هویت-از-برک-تا-کؤینک

8- https://taranemusic.com/ تار-آذری/

9- https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/تاریخ_موسیقی_ایران

10- https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/موسیقی_ایران_پس_از_اسلام

11- https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/( مقام_)موسیقی

12- https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/آواز_)موسیقی_ایرانی

13- https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/ ارمنی‌های_ایران

14- https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/ آشوریان_ایران

15- https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/ یهودیان_ایرانی