Need for Wastewater Treatment in Orissa
Orissa or Odisha as it is now called is a state in the eastern coast of India. The state has a glorious historical past and is a tourist attraction of international stature with key places like the Konark Sun temple which is a UNESCO world heritage site and even features in the seven wonders of India.
The famous Wheeler Island, a missile test launch pad is also located in this state. Orissa thus is a very strategic state and rightly gets the required importance from all the relevant state and military organizations in the country.
A few more details
On seeing the population density and the other statistics, we can understand the importance of this state. It is the 11th most populated state of the country and the third most populated state in terms of tribal population.
Orissa’s unique problem
Yes, all regions and states have their own pet problems, but only a few have something as unique as this flatland.
If we study the geographical structure of the state of Orissa, we realize that most of the land structure is flat. This is the natural topographical factor of the region. Therefore the disposal of the natural runoff of rain water as well as waste water takes a lot of time. This problem is also further aggravated by the forming of sand bars across the rivers mouths and tidal blockages.
So what exactly does this result in?
The end result is that a lot of land in Orissa becomes unsuitable for farming as water congestion takes a long time to clear. To harness the almost 2.17 hectors of land which is affected due to this problem, the government of Orissa has undertaken a master plan to reclaim around 1.9 hectors of this affected land. Main things of this plan include laying of draining lines along many 1000 kms across the state. A drainage improvement program is underway to find out areas of improving the system to retrieve the cultivable area.
The need of the hour
Here are the important things to consider
· Treat the waste water generated early on: Surely, waste water treatment will play a key role in making sure that the water does not get logged or blocked due to the impurities and suspended particles in the waste water created by the urban as well as rural habitats.
· Waste water treatment as an innovative approach: As the departments and various bodies are formed to address this unique problem of Orissa, innovative and different solutions need to be implemented. Waste water treatment and that too at local level can be one of the ways in which reusable water can be made available for local irrigation.
· Install plants to reduce saline ingress: Additionally, being a coastal state, the problem of saline ingress also needs to be addressed and this too can be done through water treatment plants installed in these regions.
· Thing global, act local: We as the citizens of the modern society need to take care of our environment and surroundings. Waste water treatment is one of the key things that we should do in all states, regions and even at a locality level.
· Towards a greener planet: The natural bio diversity and forest regions of the state are also preserved if we create lesser pollution and let off cleaner water into the rivers and drainage systems.
· Improve the overall sanitation and hygiene: In a state that is already facing issues of delayed drainage and water clearing due to its topography, waste water treatment is a very important step in order to maintain the expected level of hygiene, sanitation and health throughout the state.