Know Your (Black) Feminisms

Five things to read this women’s history month

Double Jeopardy: To Be Black and Female by Frances M. Beal (1969)
oft mimeographed. Appears here reprinted in the Third World Women’s Alliance pamphlet Black Woman’s Manifesto from Women’s Liberation Movement Print Culture online collection Sallie Bingham Center for Women’s History and Culture where you can read it online!

Woman Power by Cellestine Ware(1970)
as her obituary in the New York Times notes, Ware was “A black feminist theorist and a member of the Stanton-Anthony Brigade.” Out of print, but lurking on many a library shelf.

The Black Woman Toni Cade Bambara, ed. (1971)
probably the most influential early book of black feminisms, printed as a trade book for mass market distribution. Still in print.

Conditions 5, Black Women’s issue (1979) Barbara Smith and Lorraine Bethel, eds
another early, if now largely forgotten, publication that brought together a dazzling array of black feminist criticism, poetry, and dialogue. Image here from Reveal Digital’s Independent Voices, log in access required to read online.

All The Women Are White, All The Men Are Black, But Some of Us Are Brave (1982) Barbara Smith and Gloria Hull, eds. 
The pioneering anthology of black women’s studies that involved a veritable who’s who of authors. Available on Internet Archive for free.