What Pakistan have achieved under dictatorship?
Dictatorship is the form of government in which one person rule the groups and people of the country. In the dictatorship, one political party exercised through mechanisms to ensure that the power of that entity is strong. Under dictatorship one political party or person hold all political power make all the decisions without any check and balance on his power (Barbu, 2013). In the dictatorship, the government make unilateral decisions that affect the whole country. The long history of dictatorship in Pakistan demonstrate that dictators do not consider the good of the nation they seize power to benefit themselves only, their families and close political allies (Ahmed, 2013).
In the continuous struggle of more than 60 years Pakistan had to experience various military dictators. The first of era of dictatorship is associated with the politics of General Ayyub Khan. In 1958 he seized power through a bloodless coup. According to the dictator, General Ayyub Khan parliamentary democracy is not suitable for the country (Haq, 2014). The second era of dictatorship in Pakistan started with the General Muhammad Yahya Khan. General Yahya Khan imposes martial law, and face inherited a net of complex problems. General Yahya Khan was unable to handle the crisis after elections, and the East Pakistan got separated under the dictatorship of General Yahya Khan. The third era of dictatorship in Pakistan is associated with the General Zia ul Haq. Under the leadership of this dictator, Pakistan has achieved the formation of Majlis-e-Shoora, martial law governors were appointed in this period, and economic reform occurs in Pakistan (Zahid, 2011).
Musharraf is the last and recent dictator of Pakistan. His status as president was unconstitutional and illegal. Under the dictatorship of Musharraf Pakistan has achieved a strong leadership. The economic management of the country improved. The external environment of the country become favorable ((Niaz, (2010). The inflow from US, World Bank and IMF increased because of a drop in long lasting trade sanctions. These inflows improved the foreign reserve in the country, public debt and current account. Under dictatorship, the global economies and developing countries perform better. The structural changes in physical health, industrialization, export competitiveness and human capital, is the result of a dictatorship of Pervez Musharraf (Qadir, Tariq, and Waqas, 2016). According to Niaz, (2010) the fiscal, deficit-GDP ratio of Pakistan improved and the average tax-GDP ratio also deteriorated. In the era of dictatorship, the fiscal balance of the country improved by decreasing the growth of public expense and external aid.
At a macro level, the dictatorship in Pakistan helps in poverty reduction by making the economy of the country strong. At micro level dictatorship contribute in infrastructure and educational development of the country (Haq, 2014). In Pakistan the development of industrial strategy is missing under the dictatorship which is behind the success of Asian tigers. Dictatorship in Pakistan results in significant economic legacies by achieving temporary improvement with partial support of the government. Dictatorship in Pakistan resulted in none structural economic performance which is better than long term none stable democracy (Qadir, Tariq, and Waqas, 2016).