Could you provide a citation to the 1989 JAMA study you cite? I am quite familiar with the history of injury prevention and control research, as well as the rigor with which it has been conducted. While individual scientists may have their own agendas, the scientific method is a self-correcting process when it is allowed to function with transparency — which is exactly what the freeze on federal funding has prohibited. We aren’t going to solve this problem with partisan bickering, as the past 2 decades have shown. And regarding the criminology vs. public health/medical perspectives: It’s not an either/or issue. Criminologists study gun violence from an entirely different perspective than public health or medical researchers. The same is true for domestic violence, gang violence, and other types of violent crime. Neither is wrong; they are simply two different disciplines approaching the same problem from different perspectives.