American President Donald Trump has proven himself and his administration an unreliable negotiating partner by pulling out of the 1955 Treaty of Amity, that’s the view of the government in Tehran according to Iranian foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.
In May, the Trump administration decided to withdraw from the Iran Deal (JCPOA) and reinstate sanctions against the country. In response, the Iranian government took the United States to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the main judicial organ of the UN, claiming America’s actions were violating the 1955 treaty of amity, which the US signed with Iran to promote friendly relations between the two countries.
On Wednesday, the ICJ ruled in favors of Iran’s case and ordered the White House to remove “any impediments” to the export of humanitarian goods, such as food or medicine.
Immediately following this ruling, American Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that the 1955 treaty would hereby be terminated.
“This is a decision that is, frankly, 39 years overdue,” secretary Pompeo said, according to the BBC, referring to the fact that the treaty was signed with the secular Iranian Shah prior to the revolution in 1979 that installed the current Islamic Republic. However, according to the ICJ, the 1955 treaty should still be valid.
US National Security Advisor John Bolton also chastised the ICJ by calling it “politicized and ineffective”, CNBC reports. Bolton followed this with the announcement that Washington DC has chosen to also withdraw from the optional protocol of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 following a case forwarded by the State of Palestine to the ICJ regarding Trump’s decision to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
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Mohammad Javad Zarif, the Iranian foreign minister, responded to this situation in an interview with al-Jazeera during a visit to New York on Friday.
“[The US was] always saying that we want a treaty with Iran. Now they just withdrew from the [1955 Treaty of Amity] that we have with the United States because the International Court of Justice ruled against them,” Zarif said, PressTV reports. “That tells you that whatever you negotiate with this president and with this administration, they’re not going to be bound by it.”
Zarif reaffirmed that Tehran still believes in the controversial Obama-era Iran Deal, saying that it is the best option for both the United States, Iran and the international community can get.