Neanderthals may have medicated with penicillin and painkillers

What a difference 1000 kilometres make. Neanderthals living in prehistoric Belgium enjoyed their meat — but the Neanderthals who lived in what is now northern Spain seem to have survived on an almost exclusively vegetarian diet. This is according to new DNA analysis that also suggests sick Neanderthals could self-medicate with naturally occurring painkillers and antibiotics, and that they shared mouth microbiomes with humans — perhaps exchanged by kissing.

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