Links, notes, and thoughts related to artificial intelligence. Varying levels of organization. For 4 months.
Algorithmic Justice League — The Coded Gaze and InCoding
In the face of these daunting problems, one may attempt to get around these thorny conceptual/theoretical issues concerning relevance realization via ‘reverse engineering’ . Under this methodology, attempts to directly understand cognition are abandoned, and research is instead focused onto designing an intelligent machine. The hope is that if this research program is successful we will understand various cognitive phenomena in virtue of having designed a machine that exhibits the phenomena. Such principles therefore become one’s theoretical account of the cognitive processes that generate the intelligent behaviour. Hence, artificial intelligence would allow us to work backwards into theories of things like categorization, communication, etc., while avoiding the theoretical circularities we have encountered in the other direction.
However, we are assuming here that we will know when a machine is in fact intelligent. The obvious methodological question is how to establish this identity.
What constitutes personal data?
Any information related to a natural person or ‘Data Subject’, that can be used to directly or indirectly identify the person. It can be anything from a name, a photo, an email address, bank details, posts on social networking websites, medical information, or a computer IP address.
Do data processors need ‘explicit’ or ‘unambiguous’ data subject consent — and what is the difference?
The conditions for consent have been strengthened, as companies will no longer be able to utilise long illegible terms and conditions full of legalese, as the request for consent must be given in an intelligible and easily accessible form, with the purpose for data processing attached to that consent — meaning it must be unambiguous. Consent must be clear and distinguishable from other matters and provided in an intelligible and easily accessible form, using clear and plain language. It must be as easy to withdraw consent as it is to give it. Explicit consent is required only for processing sensitive personal data — in this context, nothing short of “opt in” will suffice. However, for non-sensitive data, “unambiguous” consent will suffice.
Who does the GDPR affect?
The GDPR not only applies to organisations located within the EU but it will also apply to organisations located outside of the EU if they offer goods or services to, or monitor the behaviour of, EU data subjects. It applies to all companies processing and holding the personal data of data subjects residing in the European Union, regardless of the company’s location.
This is an open source project advocating for better use consent in software design.
Consent is most often discussed in terms of sex. “No means no” is a popular way to teach young people about inappropriate forms of sexual content.
However, we believe that consent is much more nuanced and goes beyond sex. Explicit, informed consent should be applied to every aspect of our daily lives.
Read more about consent here.