I THINK THE USEFULNESS and capacity to plan a decade in advance is now a thing of the past, when where there was systemic career/industry stability. Historically, job promotions typically happened within the organisation, and hence the concept of a corporate ladder. In contrast, nowadays it is more like a series opportunistic zig-zags between places, sometimes appearing to go sideways or even downwards.
Notwithstanding this, I think there is still value in having broad goals and principles which you wish to still have a decade later.
As Bill Gates once said, “Most people over-estimate what they can achieve in a year, but under-estimate what they can achieve in a decade.”