No, proof-of-work blockchains *do* record the hashpower, that’s the whole point of Satoshi’s…
herzmeister
41

Thanks for pushing me here.

I did a bit of research on StackExchange and apparently CBlockIndexWorkComparator decides longest blockchain using the following rules in order:

  1. Which blockchain has the most work?
  2. Which one was received first? (This can be different for different clients, which is why the previous rule is applied first.)
  3. Which one has a larger pointer address? (This is largely random, and different for different clients.)”

However, with the exceptions of attacks and edge cases, rule 1 is always a tie, because the work, or expected number of attempts that were necessary to mine a block it is (2²⁵⁶ / block_target), and block target is only changed every 2016 blocks.

As Satoshi said: “If two nodes broadcast different versions of the next block simultaneously, some nodes may receive one or the other first. In that case, they work on the first one they received, […]The tie will be broken when the next proof-of-work is found and one branch becomes longer.”

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