10 Influential Songs to Celebrate Black History Month
Music has always been about shared experience in life. For any emotion one feels, they can find a corresponding song. The same holds true with society. Groups of people share songs and it binds them together. Since the Black experience has existed since the dawn of time, it would be impossible to cover it in a meager blog. Today we’re only going to focus on pop songs released in the last sixty years. Also note that these songs aren’t ranked in any way. There are no marks for popularity, and they aren’t listed in order of importance. They are all just influential in some way.
“A Change Is Gonna Come” by Sam Cooke
Sam Cooke was perhaps THE premier pop performer of the Sixties. His smooth voice and slick songs about young love and dancing were beloved by millions, but popularity didn’t mean acceptance. One night in 1963, his band, tired from the road, were turned away from a hotel. This was the last straw for Cooke. Spurred on by the protest songs of the era and a desire to make a difference, Cooke wrote A Change Is Gonna Come. It was a huge risk for him. Directly addressing the treatment of African Americans, he tossed aside his usual light fare. Upon release, the song was immediately accepted as an anthem by the Civil Rights Movement. Unfortunately, Cooke never saw that, having died two weeks before.
Stream it via hoopla: Portrait Of A Legend 1951–1964 (Remastered) by Sam Cooke by Sam Cooke
“Brown Eyed Handsome Man” by Chuck Berry
Unlike Cooke, Chuck Berry chose to cloak his intention, but those in the know picked up on the lyrics’ meaning right away. Brown Eyed Handsome Man was a euphemism for black, and Berry, always an incredibly clever lyricist, tells some examples of triumph throughout history, ending with Jackie Robinson.
Stream it via hoopla: You Never Can Tell: His Complete Chess Recordings 1960 -1966 by Chuck Berry
Check it out on CD: Gold by Chuck Berry
“Ball of Confusion” by The Temptations
In the early Seventies, Motown Records were seen as a slick hit-making label, safe for the masses. Label head Berry Gordy steered clear from politics and controversy for the sake of record sales. It was Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong who wanted to start addressing the social issues of the day. And they did a brilliant job with Ball Of Confusion, recorded by The Temptations (who were, as a hugely popular group, also reluctant to rock the boat). Spitting out a series of complaints over a sinewy groove, the song proved to be immensely popular, opening Motown up to include political music at last.
“What’s Going On” by Marvin Gaye
Inspired by Ball Of Confusion, Gaye grew tired of singing love songs and wanted to expand into socially conscious music. Berry Gordy didn’t think anyone was ready for such a romantic singer to sing political songs. Gaye said that he wouldn’t deliver another album unless he could do what he wanted. So he recorded What’s Going On, which was written by Obie Benson from the Four Tops along with Al Cleveland and Gaye himself. Gordy hated it, not for its politics, but because he thought it was a terrible song. It sold over 200,000 copies in its first week.
Stream it via hoopla: What’s Going On — 40th Anniversary (Super Deluxe) by Marvin Gaye
Check out the CD: What’s Going On by Marvin Gaye
“(Don’t Worry) If There’s A Hell Below We’re All Gonna Go” by Curtis Mayfield
Mayfield was the leader of soul greats The Impressions, and had been leading them into a more socially conscious direction slowly. On the first track of his first solo album, he exploded. Starting out with a cacophony of voices, Mayfield starts spitting slurs for different groups of people. Then the man, one of the smoothest, most mellow singers of all time, screams. All of the rage and frustration of all of the mistreatment he had felt comes tearing out of him and the result is horrifying and cathartic at the same time. An absolutely astonishing piece of music.
Stream it via hoopla: Curtis! (Deluxe Edition) by Curtis Mayfield
“Dancing in the Street” by Martha and the Vandellas
When Dancing In The Street was released in the summer of 1964, it wasn’t seen as anything but a fun party song. It mentioned Philadelphia, Washington D.C., Baltimore, and Detroit, all cities with large African American populations. That same summer, the Civil Rights movement took off in earnest, and people in those cities took to marching, adopting the song as their soundtrack. Some people amended the chorus to “Fighting in the street”. As for Martha Reeves herself, she never saw it as anything other than a light hearted song.
Stream it via hoopla: The Ultimate Collection: Martha Reeves & The Vandellas
Check it out on CD: Martha Reeves & the Vandellas
“Chocolate City” by Parliament
In sharp contrast to Dancing In The Street which was re-interpreted by the Civil Rights Movement, Chocolate City makes its allegiance clear right from the start. Also mentioning cities with large Black populations, it focuses on the nation’s capital, and George Clinton isn’t singing about dancing in the streets. He’s telling the world (We’re) “gaining on you!”
Stream it via hoopla: The Best Of Parliament: Give Up The Funk
“Say It Out Loud-I’m Black And I’m Proud” by James Brown
Often considered one of the forerunners of rap, Say It Out Loud-I’m Black And I’m Proud is also a significant touchstone in how people refer to themselves. In the late Sixties, the polite term for African Americans was Negro. Calling someone “Black” was considered something of a put down. In the song, James Brown says that he is proud of being BLACK and he insists that the audience say it too. As homage, the song has been sampled in countless hip-hop songs.
“The Revolution Will Not Be Televised” by Gil Scott-Heron
In The Revolution Will Not Be Televised, Scott-Heron ridicules (then contemporary) politicians, media figures and advertising we wouldn’t be seeing when the revolution happens, because the media would never cover it. With a savage wit and sense of humor, Scott-Heron calls out consumerism, and complacency in times of crisis. And while many of the references seem dated, the message is still echoed today.
Stream it via hoopla: Mandela — Long Walk To Freedom (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Check it out on CD: Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
If you like this song, you may also like the album Tour De Force by Gil Scott-Heron.
“Umi Says” by Mos Def
On Umi Says, from the 1999 album Black On Both Sides, Mos Def raps about what the Black Experience means to an individual. Talking to his Umi (mother) and Ami (father), he wonders what he can do, both for his family and his people, to make the world a better place. He does so by putting his heart and soul into a song, just as all of these people did.
Stream it via hoopla: Black On Both Sides by Mos Def
Check it out on CD: Dave Chappelle’s Block Party: Music from and inspired by the film
Disclaimer: Audience discretion advised. Lyrical content may not be appropriate for all audiences.
Written by Toledo Lucas County Public Library blogger and Clerk, Tim P.