The science of biology justifies gender equality

In 1948, the UN human rights declaration confirmed that “Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.”

Since then, many new aspects have been discovered through scientific research on human sex chromosomes, such as the discovery that the ‘natural’ boundary between men and women is artificial. The words man and woman refer to subjects, but in a biological perspective, human sex is a cluster of sex characteristics. Every human being has both — the male and female type aspects, such as estrogen and testosterone and there are no any clear definitions of this sex/gender boxes. Still, in many countries, marriage is legal only between a man and a woman even these laws do not endorse juridical scrutiny.

A logotype for sex/gender definitions by Susa Tyrniluoto

Many times, these sex characteristics appear in ways which make a person’s gender impossible to define by any definitions based on biology. Most humans have sex characteristics that make sexual reproduction viable, but biologically, sex is only possible to divide into two on the level of reproductive cells; cells that fertilise and cells that are being fertilised. All other biological traits in humans vary on a spectrum between male-female regarding variations in genes, chromosomes, hormones and anatomy.

The impact of incorrect concepts

Legal rights and duties have for thousands of years been based on gender categories, including for example how women have been forced to wear veils. These gender categories also allow or deny access to membership in many associations, and most of the world religions find that marriage is acceptable only between so-called opposite genders.

The gender boundary is vigilantly guarded in almost all of the world’s nations through the use of punishment. For example, in most countries, treatment for gender dysphoria is conditioned on sterilisation.

The current model of gendering is particularly painful for those who clearly fall beside each side of the spectrum, but the incorrect idea will eventually lead to an unhealthy state for all people. The struggle to inhabit an uninhabitable gender box leads to an endless battle against oneself because no human is 100 percent biological male or female, even though we are expected to be this black–and–white.

The problem of sex/gender definitions appears when rights and duties are defined in rules or laws. A biological spectrum is impossible to transform into neat legal categories by precise rules that include every human being. The only way to put all humans in gender boxes is to ask them how they perceive themselves and which one of the various boxes, such as man, woman, bi-gender, transgender, gender-queer, etc.. they would like to choose — if any.