Five plans for carbon neutrality

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A NASA photo shows the lights of major urban areas in the southeastern United States as seen from space. Credit: Elena11/Shutterstock.com
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Carbon emissions from burning coal for electricity (left) have a directly increased average global temperatures, in turn increasing the frequency of severe weather such as Cyclone Kenneth, which struck Mozambique (right) in April 2019. Credit: stu120/fivepointsix/Shutterstock.com

Bhutan

Bhutan’s policies are classified as “compatible” with a world below 2°C, and it has already achieved carbon neutrality. Being a small and less developed country, Bhutan was able to achieve zero CO2 emissions thanks to the country’s reforestation programme.

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A typical home in Bhutan is surrounded by greenery. Credit: Mathias Berlin/Shutterstock.com

Chile

The next host to the UN Conference of the Parties (COP) accounts for less than one percent of global carbon emissions, yet it is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change due to its geography and climate. The country has been willing to take climate action with the hope that they would set an example that more developed countries can follow.

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One of the 200 electric buses on the streets of Santiago de Chile, Chile. Credit: Silva Villalobos/Shutterstock.com

Costa Rica

Costa Rica has been an exemplary country when it comes to environmental protection. It has included the right to a healthy environment for its citizens in its constitution. One fourth of its territory is protected and it’s the only tropical country to have reduced deforestation.

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Heavy traffic in the Costa Rican capital San Jose has led the country to introduce a plan to drastically decarbonize by 2050. Credit: Luis Alvarado/Shutterstock.com

Norway

For many years now, Norway has been setting the pace towards carbon neutrality. Their aim is to reduce carbon emissions by 40 percent and achieve carbon neutrality by 2030. Unlike Chile, Norway does not need to close any power stations because most of its electricity is renewable. In 2017 almost 96 percent of electricity was generated by hydro power plants and around two percent from wind farms. The country has transitioned to clean energy thanks to the carbon tax, which allowed them to fund alternative sources.

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Electric vehicles (EVs) fill up a parking lot that doubles as a charging station in Oslo, Norway. The country has the world’s highest concentration of EVs. Credit: Victor Maschek/Shutterstock.com

Morocco

Morocco is one of only two countries that Climate Action Tracker gives the highest ‘1.5C Paris Agreement-compatible’ rating.

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The Koudia Al Baida wind turbine park in Morocco. ©Nicolas_photo/Shutterstock.com
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Ahead of the UN Climate Summit on Sept 23rd, Secretary-General António Guterres has invited every head of state to present concrete proposals to accelerate the pace of decarbonization Credit: Alexandros Michailidis/Shutterstock.com

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