Powerful women face the climate crisis in Colombia

UN Development Programme
May 20 · 5 min read
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The Caño Pasifueres in the municipality of San Marcos, Sucre, in northern Colombia. Photo: UNDP Colombia

In the Colombian village of Pasifueres music is in the air. Girls and boys compose songs from a young age. The lyrics show a passion for their region, La Mojana, and for their village that they’ve seen grow over the years.

One such singer is Jennys Jiménez, a passionate climate activist and community organizer whose songs about climate change are being sung across her beloved La Mojana.

“Since I can remember, I’ve been singing. And yes, it’s cool that people are starting to recognize one of these songs because of the lyrics and verses, but my objective is that they get to know the Mojana region, and its efforts to adapt to climate change and build community resilience,” she says.

Pasifueres is a community of less than 1,000. In 2010 the village flooded. Part of the problem was that the wetlands, which should have acted like a giant natural sponge during floods, were decimated. Agricultural production had left them bone dry and the waters were polluted. Without this natural buffer, lives and livelihoods were put at risk.

Jennys decided to do something about it. She became one of 115 rural climate change adaptation promoters through a local association of farmers, producers, rangers, aqua-culturalists and ecologists (known locally as ASOPASFU).

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Jennys Jiménez, right, is a passionate climate activist and community organizer whose songs about climate change are being sung across her beloved La Mojana. Photo: Angely Castaño

With support from the Reducing risk and vulnerability to climate change in the region of La Depresión Momposina in Colombia project, Jennys and her organization began the ecological restoration of 900 hectares of wetlands in Chinchorro, Cecilia y Mata de Caña. The project was implemented by the Colombian Ministry of Environment and Territorial Development and UNDP with support from the Adaptation Fund.

Nurseries were a fundamental tool in the restoration of the wetlands, with entire families participating in their care and maintenance.

It was truly a grassroots effort. In less than a year, ASOPASFU had experts in horticulture, gathering native seeds, and the planting and maintenance of the species they would use to restore ecological balance.

What they built was nothing short of a rebirth of Eden. Working together as a community, they planted 5,200 fruit and timber trees.

The effects of climate change on La Mojana are severe. Incomes are affected by the loss of crops as well as by large-scale changes to their ecosystems, which translate into increased flood risks and prolonged periods of drought. These pressures are weakening already threatened water supplies.

Women with the power of knowledge

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Nurseries were a fundamental tool in the restoration of the wetlands, with entire families participating in their care and maintenance. Photo: UNPD Colombia/Nadia Rey

Juana Madariaga is one of the restoration experts. Along with her counterparts, she led the rehabilitation of the canals of Pasifueres, a huge challenge for the community.

During the past decades, livestock farming and dams transformed the use and management of La Mojana’s canals.

The giant web of channels, rivers and canals that naturally irrigated La Mojana were blocked off, affecting the health of the wetlands, as well as the people who live here.

“We learned about everything. We received a lot of training and finally we were able to move this project forward. With this knowledge, we built the nurseries, the ecosystem restoration and the orchards. Now we are supporting other communities in doing the same thing,” says Juana.

Since 2015, the people of Pasifueres, led by the women in their community, have seen big changes. Their 9.5 kilometre canal is now alive and connected to two nearby wetlands, permitting improved interchange and oxygenation of the water.

“Our wetlands restoration project isn’t just important for us. It also invites all levels of social organizations and the rural community to fight against the loss of forests that we suffer from in our country, as much from natural causes as for our own actions,” Juana says.

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Women monitor the progress of the forest restoration. Photo: Angely Castaño

Women as a guiding force

In all, 3,901 women from 44 communities participated in the project, which restored 900 hectares of wetlands and recovered 40.3 kilometres of canals, improved the lives of some 15,928 people.

“Here we work shoulder to shoulder, women and men. We have little land, but we learned to use it in a manner that gives us food in the winter and in the dry season, and fresh air with the trees we have planted,” says Jennifer, one of the many women leaders from Pasifueres.

In Pasifueres women seem to be affected disproportionately by climate change and its impacts on the intensification of poverty and vulnerability.

Even though they play a decisive role in agriculture labour and food security across the globe, and they have key knowledge regarding the sustainable use of soils, water, seeds and traditional medicine, women get fewer loans and training and own less land.

“The only thing one hopes for is that there be equality, that they recognize us as important thinkers within the society, we are women of the countryside and for that reason we are worthwhile,” says Jauna.

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What they built was nothing short of a rebirth of Eden. Working together as a community, they planted 5,200 fruit and timber trees. Photo: UNPD Colombia/Nadia Rey

Women with the power of organization

Now they face an even bigger challenge. Through a Green Climate Fund (GCF)-financed project on Scaling up Climate Resilient Water Management Practices for Vulnerable Communities in La Mojana, they will support women’s organizations in 11 other municipalities making use of locally produced information of local water resources and techniques for productive and household water management.

The far-reaching project aims to benefit more than 400,000 people. It puts sustainable ecosystem management at the leading edge of disaster risk reduction by promoting healthier watersheds, protecting communities from floods and supporting poor rural populations to overcome water scarcity. This approach will also work towards achieving Colombia’s Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals for climate action.

“Here we all work, but most of all the women. Women have led the process and we have helped. Our lives have all changed with the recuperation of the canals and the energy that we now have in our community,” says Manuel Francisco Jiménez the promoters of adaptation to climate change measures in Pasifueres Village.

This is how Jennys’s song about the brave women on the frontlines of climate change ends. As you walk through the village, you will hear girls and boys humming its tune. It is heard in houses and along the canals of a land brought back to life by women in charge of their own destiny.

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In all, 3,901 women from 44 communities participated in the project, which restored 900 hectares of wetlands and recovered 40.3 kilometres of canals, improved the lives of some 15,928 people. Photo: UNPD Colombia/Nadia Rey

Photos: UNDP Colombia. To read the story in Spanish, click here.

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