I believe that programming in a new language or domain seems hard until you know how to debug properly.
I was recently working on writing a NodeJS addon using C++ and N-API. For most part I was able to get around with simple
printf statements for debugging, but it was taking too much time even for simplest of cases.
I really love the debug tools that come with VS Code. They really make your life so easy when working with NodeJS. Hence, I wanted to use the same debugging environment when working with C++ and NAPI for NodeJS.
I ll be showing how to set this up in a mac. But I think it should be similar for windows and linux.
If you want to know how to build C++ Addons using NAPI for NodeJS, you can take a look at my other post here:
Beginners guide to writing NodeJS Addons using C++ and N-API (node-addon-api)
According to nodejs.org:
For the explanation I have created a basic nodejs addon here: https://github.com/master-atul/basic-node-addon
This example essentially has a hello world function in c++.
- Take a clone of the project.
First step is to setup the necessary scripts in the
"start": "node index.js",
"build:dev": "node-gyp -j 16 build --debug",
"build": "node-gyp -j 16 build",
"rebuild:dev": "node-gyp -j 16 rebuild --debug",
"rebuild": "node-gyp -j 16 rebuild",
"clean": "node-gyp clean"
npm run build:dev will build a debug version of the node addon.
npm run build will build the release version of the addon.
PS: One major point to note here is that when you run
npm run build:dev the addon is generated in
build/Debug/yournode.node and when you run
npm run build the addon is generated in
build/Release/yournode.node . Make sure you setup paths accordingly.
Setting up VSCode for debugging
We will be using
lldb to debug the nodejs addon.
First step is to install the
lldb extension for the vscode. The best extension for that is https://github.com/vadimcn/vscode-lldb by Vadim Chugunov
Press Cmd+Shift+P to open up the command bar. Now there type
open launch.json .
Now modify you
launch.json to look like this
"name": "Launch Program",
"preLaunchTask": "npm: build:dev",
type:"lldb" will only work after you install the previously mentioned vscode extension
The above mentioned launch.json will add a launch configuration for debugging in vscode. It will first do
preLaunchTask (which we will setup in a bit) and then launch the
index.js using node with
lldb debugger attached.
Setting up preLaunch Task
Again press cmd+shift+p and then type in
configure task .
From the list select
npm: build:dev . That should create a
tasks.json file inside
.vscode and add the npm task there. Now you are all set.
PS: I have left a sample of
.vscode/launch.json inside the
__.vscode directory in the example repo.
Running and debugging
First step is to set breakpoints. Now go back to the file explorer and open up the C++ file where you want to setup the breakpoints.
Lets say we would like to setup a break point in
Click on the debugging icon on the left pane.
And click on the
launch program or
Debug play button.
Thats it ! you should be able to see all the variables and call stack etc.
Hope this helps someone ! 🌮