7 Wonder Herbs to Cure Kidney Stones:
Special Reference to StonOff ™
Dr Deepak Acharya, Dr Anshu Shrivastava
Renal calculi also known commonly as Stones are one of the most common disorders. Stone is a hard mass developed from crystals. It may contain various combinations of chemicals. Main constituents of stone include Calcium Phosphate, Calcium Oxalate, Uric acid and Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate. Stone formation is a natural process in the human body on later stage of life. Consumption of hard underground water and high mineral containing food items further increases the chances of stone formation in kidney and urinary tract.
Some common symptoms include
- Sudden, severe pain in the flank area, migrates towards the groin
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bleeding in urine (hematuria)
- Urinary infection
- Pain and inflammation on passing urine
- Increased frequency of urination
However, some of the above symptoms may not appear before actual diagnosis of the calculi. Even some stones may not produce pain also and remain silent till one could see them in Sonography report. In some people, chemicals crystallize in the urine and form the beginning of a kidney stone. These stones are very tiny when they form, smaller than a grain of sand, but gradually can grow over time to 1/10 of an inch or larger. Urolithiasis is the term that refers to the presence of stones in the urinary tract, while nephrolithiasis refers to kidney stones and ureterolithiasis refers to stones lodged in the ureter. The size of the stone doesn’t matter as much as where it is located and whether it obstructs or prevents urine from draining.
When the stone sits in the kidney, it rarely causes problems, but when it falls into the ureter, it acts like a dam. As the kidney continues to function and make urine, pressure builds up behind the stone and causes the kidney to swell. This pressure is what causes the pain of a kidney stone, but it also helps push the stone along the course of the ureter. When the stone enters the bladder, the obstruction in the ureter is relieved and the symptoms of a kidney stone are resolved.
Tribals in Indian remote pockets i.e Patalkot and Dangs perform various herbal practices to remove stones from kidney, urinary tract and ureter. Authors herewith encompass information about few plants majorly used in tribal herbal preparations.
1. Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook. f. & Thoms.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part- I; Volume — I pp 41–42.
Family: Menispermaceae; English- Gulancha Tinospora, Hindi- Giloe
Distribution: Large, woody, deciduous, extensively climbing shrubs, with long, fleshy aerial roots and greyish-brown bark; Commonly found in tropical forests almost throughout in India, also planted as ornamental climber.
Known Medicinal Uses: Plant is applied in urinary disorders and for dyspepsia. Decoction of the plant is orally used as diuretic.
Traditional Tribal Formulations: In case of pain during urination, Guduchi plant powder (10g), Aonla (Emblica officinalis) fruit powder (10g), Adrak (Zingiber officinale) rhizome powder (5g), Gokhru (Tribulus terrestris) fruit powder (3g) and Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) root powder (5g) are mixed thoroughly and boiled in 100ml water. The decoction is given to the patient. Janu kaka, a herbal healing expert in Ahwa, Dangs suggest a formulation for renal stone cure. According to him, Guduchi whole plant powder along with Kulthi (Dolichos biflorus) seeds are taken in equal proportion and given to the patient (Acharya and Shrivastava, 2008).
2. Boerhavia diffusa L.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part- I; Volume — I pp 95–96.
Family: Nyctaginaceae; English- Spreading Hogweed, Hindi- Punarnava
Distribution: Perennial herb, sometimes pigmented with pink, flowers dark pink. Commonly found in tropical forests, wastelands and agricultural fields as a weed; sometimes forms carpet on exposed ground.
Known Medicinal Uses: The root is a diuretic. It is used in scanty urine. The Punarnavine alkaloid found in the plant produces diuresis. Decoction of the plant is given in renal or urinary calculi and nephritis. Dry leaf decoction is used in urinary complaints.
Traditional Tribal Formulations: To relieve back pain that occurs in the cases of kidney stones, healers in Patalkot prescribe equal proportion of Punarnava whole plants powder, Kachur (Curcuma zedoaria) rhizomes and Adrak (Zingiber officinale) rhizome. This mixture should be boiled in water and decoction should be taken twice a day to relieve the pain. Similarly, to alleviate pain, stone removal and proper urination, Punarnava whole plant, Angoor (Vitis venifera), Pashanbhed (Bergenia ligulata) leaves, Dhamaso (Fagonia arabica) roots and Amaltas (Cassia fistula) fruit pulp is taken in equal quantity (6g each) and crushed. Boil the mixture in 250ml water for 30 minutes and filter it by using clean cotton cloth. The filtrate should be given to the patient 2 times a day (Acharya and Shrivastava, 2011).
3. Cynodon dactylon Pers.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part- I; Volume — IV pp 28–30.
Family: Poaceae; English- Bermuda Grass, Hindi- Dhub
Distribution: Perennial grass; common grass mostly grows at pilgrimage sites and near habitations, particularly along drainage channels, forming matted tufts, also a very common grass species of lawns.
Known Medicinal Uses: Decoction of the plant is said to be diuretic. The rhizomes and roots are used as adulterants and found beneficial in urino-genital disorders (WOA, 1997). It is reported beneficial in stones and urinary disorders in various traditional medicine systems.
Traditional Tribal Formulations: Doobghas roots, roots of Patha (Cissampelos pareira), Daru Haldi (Berberis aristata) rhizome and Malkangani (Celastrus paniculatus) leaves are taken in equal amount, mixed and crushed. This mixture is given orally with honey to cure renal calculi. In case of acidity during the medication, Doobghas juice and Gokhru (Tribulus terrestris) fruit decoction with milk and sugar is given to the patient (Acharya and Shrivastava, 2008).
4. Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part- I; Volume — I pp 15–16.
Family: Solanaceae; English- Winter cherry, Hindi- Ashwagandha
Distribution: Commonly grows in moist, shady places along the roads, often abundant near habitations.
Known Medicinal Uses: The juice of the plant is a diuretic. The fruits are diuretic. Plant is applied in urinary problems and as a diuretic.
Traditional Tribal Formulations: To relieve pain, Ashwagandha powder should be taken alongwith lukewarm water. In case of pain during urination, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) plant, Aonla (Emblica officinalis) fruit, Adrak (Zingiber officinale) powder and Gokhru (Tribulus terrestris) are taken in equal proportion, mixed thoroughly and boiled. The decoction should be given orally (Acharya and Shrivastava, 2008, 2011).
5. Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part- I; Volume — I pp 86–87.
Family: Apiaceae; English- Fennel, Hindi- Saunf
Distribution: Commonly cultivated as spice crop almost throughout India, also grows as en escape near habitations.
Known Medicinal Uses: The plant is reported as diuretic.
Traditional Tribal Formulations: To make Saunf tea, steep ½ teaspoon of crushed Saunf seeds in a cup of boiling water for 10 minutes. Saunf tea is good in renal calculi and colic pain. Tribals prescribe root extract of this plant (25 ml) twice a day to cure urinary problems. In Patalkot, herbal healers prescribe combination of powder of Saunf, Kutki (Picrorhiza kurroa) seeds and Adrak (Zingiber officinale) in renal calculi (Acharya and Shrivastava, 2008).
6. Phyllanthus emblica L. (Syn. Emblica officinalis Gaertn.)
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part- I; Volume — I pp 5–6.
Family: Euphorbiaceae; English- Indian Gooseberry, Hindi- Aonla
Plant Profile and Distribution: Commonly grows in tropical dry and mixed deciduous forests, mostly cultivated for edible fruits, also planted in gardens and home yards.
Known Medicinal Uses: Aonla fruits are reputed in various indigenous medicinesystems including Ayurveda as diuretic.
Traditional Tribal Formulations: In case of burning sensation during urination or less urination, Aonla juice, sugar and ghee should be mixed and taken. In another practice performed by Bhumkas in Patalkot, Aonla juice, Elaichi (Elettaria cardamomum) seed powder is mixed and taken. In case of pain during urination and renal calculi, Aonla fruit, Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) plant, Adrak (Zingiber officinale) powder, Gokhru (Tribulus terrestris), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) are mixed and decoction is made and given orally. In painful urination, Aonla (Emblica officinalis) juice and Daru Haldi (Berberis aristata) plant powder and honey are given to the patient (Acharya and Shrivastava, 2008,2011).
7. Ocimum tenuiflorum L. (Syn. Ocimum sanctum L.)
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part- I; Volume — II pp 162–164.
Family: Lamiaceae; English- Holy Basil, Hindi- Tulsi
Plant Profile and Distribution: Erect, much-branched, aromatic annual undershrubs; branches quadrangular, softly hairy; leaves elliptic-oblong, entire or sub-serrate, hairy on both surfaces, minutely gland-dotted; flowers purplish, in whorls on long, simple or branched racemes; nutlets ellipsoid, dark brown. The plant is commonly grown in homes and temples throughout India, sometimes found as escape near habitations.
Known Medicinal Uses: The seeds are used in urinary disorders.
Traditional Tribal Formulations: For improper urination and calculi, Harra (Terminalia chebula) fruit powder and Tulsi entire plant powder is taken in equal amount and to it, few drops of Nimbu (Citrus limon) fruit juice and honey is added. This mixture is said to be effective in curing calculi (Acharya and Shrivastava, 2008).
Stones form due to many reasons. It may be caused due to increased absorption of calcium or oxalate from the gastrointestinal tract; or malfunctioning of kidney or abnormal urinary tract anatomy; or certain food or less intake of water; or sometimes it is caused to the people with a family history of stones. In a report Approx. 7 million people in India suffer from this disorder. Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat are known as Stone Belt. Patients suffering from larger stones undergo surgery which costs them approx. 30000- 50000 rupees which did not safeguard them against recurrence.
Abhumka Herbal has scouted, documented and validated few indigenous practices to cure renal calculi and has come-out in the market with a targeted formulation with a brand name StonOff™. The product is outcome of the secret formula of indigenous tribesmen in Patalkot and Dangs. StonOff™ is the only product based on tribal’s traditional herbal knowledge with tried, tested and trusted history of hundreds of years. Existing products reduce the size of stone in a longer time (6 months to a year) but StonOff™ delivers the result in 15 days to 3 months. In normal medication, stone gets crushed and often gets stuck in the urinary tract during the course of exit which gives immense pain to patient, whereas StonOff™ dissolves the stone and facilitate smooth exit along with urine.
The SWOT analysis of StonOff™ indicate that there are n number of core areas where we need to work so that we could provide better and potentially sound alternatives for renal calculi treatment.
Swot Analysis for StonOff™
- It dissolves the stone, instead of crushing it
- Painless exit of stone
- Delivers result in 15 days to 30 days
- 100% herbal
- No side effects
- Result oriented
- Based on tribal’s traditional herbal knowledge
- Tried, tested and trusted since thousands of years
- No DOs and DON’Ts
Acknowledgement: The authors are thankful to indigenous herbal healers from Patalkot and Dangs for sharing their immense knowledge. Due acknowledgement is given to the Department of Forest and Environment, Gujarat for supporting our mission of translation of tribal knowledge into finished products.
Acharya, D. and Shrivastava, A. 2008. Indigenous Herbal Medicines: Tribal Formulations and Traditional Herbal Practices. Aavishkar Publishers Distributors, Jaipur. ISBN 978–81–7910–252–7.
Acharya, D, Shrivastava, A. 2011. Ethnomedicinal Plants of Gujarat State. Forest Department, Gujarat, Gandhinagar. ISBN 8190311484. 412pp.
Dr Deepak Acharya: A microbiologist turned ethnobotanist, a herbal hunter and Director of Abhumka Herbal Pvt Ltd (www.abhumka.com), Ahmedabad, India. He has been involved in scouting, documentation and validation of indigenous herbal practices of indigenous healers in Patalkot (www.patalkot.com) and Dangs. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dr Anshu Shrivastava: He is working as Scientist (Product Development) with Abhumka Herbal Pvt. Ltd. He has written several popular articles on herbs and health for many online portals. (email@example.com).
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