Theories and Theorists

Sociologists and philosophers have filled libraries with their theories on society and everything that comes into play. Each and every one of them have proposed new ideas, rejected other philosopher’s ideas, or added on to another’s theory. However only a few of the sociologists and philosophers are remembered throughout history and taught as a form of knowledge. Ideas, such as positivism and anti-positivism that might have been rejected by the vast majority still lead into other thinking of new and undiscovered theories. Philosophers such as Plato or Galileo have laid the groundwork for what the modern world understands as their own philosophy and society. Auguste Comte, the creator of positivism, believed he could study the social patterns in most societies. As the years went on most sociologists came to reject his ideas of positivism. One well known arguments and an influential sociologist is Karl Marx. His multiple theories on anti-positivism and his belief in studying cultural norms in more than just an observational manor helped form what modern society sees as sociology. Being a philosopher he went out of his way to understand and question the way of the world and being an economist he saw how the world worked economically. From his point of view he believed societies to be a group of people fighting to have what they need to survive physically and emotionally, especially economically. While a vast majority believed in the same ideals as Marx, he was one of the first to put the idea that the economy runs the show into words. Later on in life, other philosophers did reject Marx’s idea, but he is still the base line for much of how the modern society thinks today.