In 600 BC, Ionian Greeks, beginning from Phocaea, established the settlement of Massalia (present-day Marseille), on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. This makes it France’s most seasoned city. Simultaneously, some Gallic Celtic clans entered portions of the present domain of France, and this occupation spread to the remainder of France between the fifth and third century BC.
The Maison Carrée was a sanctuary of the Gallo-Roman city of Nemausus (present-day Nîmes) and is extraordinary compared to other protected remnants of the Roman Empire.
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The idea of Gaul rose around then; it relates to the domains of Celtic settlement running between the Rhine, the Atlantic Ocean, the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean. The fringes of present day France are generally equivalent to those of old Gaul, which was occupied by Celtic Gauls. Gaul was then a prosperous nation, of which the southernmost part was vigorously dependent upon Greek and Roman social and monetary impacts.
Around 390 BC the Gallic chieftain Brennus and his soldiers advanced toward Italy through the Alps, vanquished the Romans in the Battle of the Allia, and attacked and emancipated Rome. The Gallic attack left Rome debilitated, and the Gauls kept on annoying the locale until 345 BC when they went into a conventional harmony arrangement with Rome. Be that as it may, the Romans and the Gauls would remain enemies for the following hundreds of years, and the Gauls would keep on being a risk in Italy.
Around 125 BC, the south of Gaul was vanquished by the Romans, who called this district Provincia Nostra (“Our Province”), which after some time advanced into the name Provence in French. Julius Caesar vanquished the rest of Gaul and defeated a revolt did by the Gallic chieftain Vercingetorix in 52 BC. The Romans, who never handled in excess of 120,000 soldiers, slaughtered 1,500,000 Gauls and Germans.