Post #3: Evaluation of Credibility of a Non-Scholarly Source

by: Adriana G. Valdiviezo

The article I have chosen is on a not very known magazine called ELUXE magazine. The article’s title is Animals Abuse in films: Why Hollywood is No Place for Animals by Arwa Lodhi. The author explains how animals used in films for our entertainment are actually suffering. American Humane Association is called to the set to assure the safety and well-being of the animals throughout the film. Evidently, A.H.A isn’t doing the job they are supposed to be doing, which is making sure no harm comes to the animal in anyway. A form of harm that can be done includes negligence like failure to provide them with the proper care essentials such as food and water. Films such as The Hobbit, Eight Below, Zookeeper and many more movies have had animals allegedly hurt in the making. 27 animals including sheep and goats reportedly died of dehydration during intermission during the film The Hobbit. A husky dog was repeatedly beaten in the Disney movie Eight Below. In the movie the Zookeeper, an elderly giraffe died on set. Nevertheless these films were still given credentials saying “no animals were hurt in the making of this movie”. The reason being is the American Humane Association’s justification was pleading that the animals that were injured or passed away weren’t purposely hurt or that the occurrence of these accidents took place while the cameras weren’t rolling. At the end of the article the author mentions how most monkeys are taken away from their moms and are forced to live in small and dirty cages. They don’t get to socialize because they aren’t raised around others, so have no other choice but to be given to zoos when old. We should not be supporting nor allowing inhumane movie studios to take any more animals from their natural habitats. We should encourage computer generated images instead, where any scenario is made to look authentic.

This article is definitely credible because the author Arwa Lodhi has used quotes, other valid and scholarly sources on the discussion of animals used in the entertainment industry, and acknowledges the issue and gives an alternative on what others who are against her argument can use. The author has applied quotes from the article “No Animals Were Harmed” in The Hollywood Reporter and hyperlinks them to make sure she does not plagiarize. For example she quotes and hyperlinks “ The Hollywood Reporter goes on to list a whole range of horrific animal violence on film”. In addition to that, she also writes down her source based on where she’s getting information. She plugs in half a quote which is the fact, how the animal passed away. Additionally phrases what movie, year, and genre, including the studio and if a well-known and beloved actor stars in it. The author adds in famous actors to disclose the incidents happening. “A chipmunk was fatally squashed in Paramount’s 2006 Matthew Mcconaughey-Sarah Jessica Parker romantic comedy ‘Failure to Launch’’. An additional example is “Several dozens of dead fish and squid washed up on shore over four days during the filming of Disney’s Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. Crewmembers had taken no precautions to protect marine life when they set off special-effects explosions in the ocean”. Another way the writer showed their article was credible was two other sources behind used their article. The first source was a visual aid from People for Ethical Treatment of Animals (P.E.T.A). In this clip, Anjelica Huston (a well-respected actor/director), gets interviewed and talks about the abuses endured by great apes used in film, television, and advertising. She mentions how there is nothing fascinating about production with animals knowing this as she has had years of experiences with them on set. Anjelica reveals that monkeys who are used in showbiz are taken away from their mothers when very young. Hereof, it is very common for moms to be protective of their infants which means, they are often tricked, restrained, or euthanized to have their babies pulled from their arms. Both the child and mother are emotionally scarred for life. The ape grows up not knowing how to interact with other monkeys or with the rest of the world. In showbiz, apes are both physically and psychologically abused during training for such shows and movies. She states in the interview “Using animals may look harmless but in reality causes a lifetime of suffering”. In conclusion of this clip is an alternative, instead of using animals in the making why not use technology to replicate animal action. P.E.T.A is the largest animal rights organization in the world and one of their main focuses is the entertainment industry which is why this is a highly-respectable source. The other source the author uses is a interview video between a reporter and Bob Ferber in Los Angeles and is answering questions about The Hollywood Reporter article that apparently went viral and had people outraged. Bob mentions how A.H.A(American Humane Association) had started out with good intentions and made minimum standards back then, but now lets almost everything slide. It has drastically changed. In the video the reporter asks “They’re keeping track of some of it, no?” he responds and says “I think it’s important what you just said there ‘they’re keeping track of some of it’”. What Bob thinks is that A.H.A has a different definition to animal cruelty than the original definition. AHA’s definition of abuse is basically that someone is intentionally killing the animal. There’s federal laws where animal cruelty real definition is not just killing an animal, but being negligent and/or failing to do what is necessary for the animal. CNN is one of the top news channel, who stay updated.

In conclusion, this article is valid and credible because of her thorough sources because her sources lead to a neutral source and which leads to bigger sources such as P.E.T.A organization and CNN news channel. The credentials of the two respected individuals. Bob Ferber, a former animal abuse prosecutor(first in the country)(retired) was one for 14 years, so has years of experience in Los Angeles county. Anjelica Huston (actor/director) grew up watching her father direct so she has many decades of experience on set with animals and also mentions behind the scenes of the interview how she grew up, passionate about this issue(Great Apes; animal abuse in the entertainment industry). The writer also stays on topic and ends off on a good note to not use animals in film, but to use computer generated images (CGI) instead.