Water or killer
Drinking water contamination
Pakistan are situated in southern Asia, and the only country who came in the name of Islam. Pakistan is blessed with the natural resources like coal mines, ground water resources to meet the energy crisis. Water has a vital role in our life processes including growth and development. It plays significant role in our every field of life.Indus is the major source of water in Pakistan which flow from Karakorum to south and fall into the Arabian Sea. Mostly, Pakistani attached with the field of agriculture for income, to support our family. About 27% of land is used for farming and to grow crops like wheat, maize, rice, cotton and sugarcane. To fulfill the requirements of increasing population and for this to increase the crops outcome, pesticides, and fertilizers are used.
I am writing this blog post on behalf of me (Afsah) and my team members (Iqra, Khalid, Umer, and Ikram from batch #37).
With increase in industry near the cities and with poor sanitation process in rural area, fresh water for drinking and for other uses become the dream.Polluted or contaminated water ,this form of environmental degradation occurs when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds.
Water pollution occurs when microorganisms and toxic chemicals from domestic waste and industries either come in contact with water bodies or run off or leach into ground water or freshwater resources.Contaminated water contain a harmful organic and inorganic substance few one are listed below:
- Insecticides and herbicide
- Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs)
- sulfur dioxide
- Heavy metals (As, Ba, B, Cd, Cl, Cr and Cu)
- Fertilizers ( nitrates and phosphates)
In our Mega Project , we decided to arise this problem in the slum of Faisalabad. For this , we selected the two area Naseerabad and Bola ki jhughi know known as Hajveri town).
First we take a tour to take the over view of the area.
Before our second walk , we framed our survey , how we will proceed next. about the cost which we need for this project, try to find the solution of over come the communication gap. Next, Ikram and me assigned to note the data of families, we interviewed. Khalid tried to overcome the communication gap.
First , we find difficult to convince people but after after sometime and given the brief description, then they understand our project and cooperate with us.
And collected water samples by using random sampling techniques and take the help of one of our Amal fellow Zeeshan from soil science department for testing samples and for compiling whole report and even decided to test sample from NIBGE. And next we are thinking of arranging seminar on the consequences of polluted water on human health.
Purpose of assessment:
This section of study is conducted to assess the perception and practices of common people about the quality of drinking water and to what extent its affect the health and hygiene of communities. How these disease affect the livelihood and income of poor families.