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We are always consuming, absorbing, feasting on gadgets, electronics, plasticware and innumerable disposable items mindlessly strewn around ranging from something as trivial as cotton swabs in our houses to plastic straws and paper napkins outdoors. This constant devouring of resources, the capitalist’s strategy of ‘design to dispose’ and making the use-and-throw attitude a public norm have gotten our land and the oceans into facing some serious environmental troubles leading to an inevitable catastrophe, no sooner than later. …

Nature and earth have always been an outlet for emotions offered to artists and writers as a vast expanse of indulgence as well as submergence. This magnified emotion of attachment, loss and immortality towards nature, has often been reflected and explored by the poets and novelists, which gave them the title of a ‘Romantic’. However, when this feeling drew attention from a critical faculty of intellectuals, it came to be known as Green Studies or Eco-Criticism.

There are several studies in this field which tend to highlight that eco-criticism emerged as a drift in literary studies only after the 1980s…

The tribals of India have been considered as a very primitive segment of the society. Around 90 millions of people belong to this indigenous community known as the ‘Adivasis’ which according to the 2011 census, is 8.10% of India’s total population.

Alternative Learning with the Santhal Community of West Bengal, India

The idea of disregarding them as primitive or barbarous is an ignorant and a self-depreciating one where we, in an urban space, fail as a society that does not understand their self-sufficiency and the complex network of interdependency within their own community, aloof from the outside world.

It is only the shackles of economic needs that tie the ankles of indigenous people to the mainstream western education and force them to compromise on their own culture and adopt a foreign language as means for survival.

The lack of a standard lexicon for indigenous ecological knowledge trammels the…

Priyanka Agarwal

Multidisciplinary Creator • Design Researcher • Creativity Coach • See more of me at

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