Image for post
Image for post
Free image from Freepik

We are always consuming, absorbing, feasting on gadgets, electronics, plasticware and innumerable disposable items mindlessly strewn around ranging from something as trivial as cotton swabs in our houses to plastic straws and paper napkins outdoors.

Image for post
Image for post

Nature and earth have always been an outlet for emotions offered to artists and writers as a vast expanse of indulgence as well as submergence. This magnified emotion of attachment, loss and immortality towards nature, has often been reflected and explored by the poets and novelists, which gave them the title of a ‘Romantic’. However, when this feeling drew attention from a critical faculty of intellectuals, it came to be known as Green Studies or Eco-Criticism.

There are several studies in this field which tend to highlight that eco-criticism emerged as a drift in literary studies only after the 1980s in the USA and early 1990s in the UK. It is a broad way for literary and cultural scholars to investigate the global ecological crisis through a transcending intersection of literature, culture, and the physical environment.

The tribals of India have been considered as a very primitive segment of the society. Around 90 millions of people belong to this indigenous community known as the ‘Adivasis’ which according to the 2011 census, is 8.10% of India’s total population.

Image for post
Image for post
Alternative Learning with the Santhal Community of West Bengal, India

The idea of disregarding them as primitive or barbarous is an ignorant and a self-depreciating one where we, in an urban space, fail as a society that does not understand their self-sufficiency and the complex network of interdependency within their own community, aloof from the outside world.

It is only the shackles of economic needs that tie the ankles of indigenous people to the mainstream western education and force them to compromise on their own culture and adopt a foreign language as means for survival.

The lack of a standard lexicon for indigenous ecological knowledge trammels the work needed to understand the broad patterns of traditional knowledge degradation and implications on biodiversity conservation. Conservation responses can best address this interconnectivity through the involvement of multiple actors across different institutional and spatial levels. …


Priyanka Agarwal

Multidisciplinary Creator • Design Researcher • Creativity Coach • See more of me at

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store