What is “White” Crime?
(There was a third edit in October 2017, for a final polish of this page — completely with helpful bullet points. The bottom half is completely reworked, and some readers may want to skip to this section: “White Supremacy Has to Die” i.e. White Men. This topic probably deserves it’s own post, as opposed to a reply to Traditional Tradesman above. Oh well.)
(Updated Jan 2017 to clarify how the category of “whites” sometimes include Hispanic populations. This fact is often forgotten by those making ideological or political points, like CNN’s Sally Kohn does when she says incorrectly, “White men account for 69 percent of those arrested for violent crimes.” This is a common mistake mostly made by arguments from the left to argue against race-based correlations on crime; and buttressed by those on the right who understand how the government can cause confusion on this matter. In this rare case, the “right” is right, or correct. Liberals can seemingly get away with making these arguments, with the mainstream media in full support, because few push back with the fact-based argument that “blacks commit more crime” across the board, including in mass shootings, at a higher rate than their share of the population. Why? Fear of being called racist, I assume. It’s also the truth.)
Try This Experiment to Understand FBI’s Data and How to Get an Accurate Figure for Non-Hispanic White Crime
Bottom line: FBI data by race is divided almost entirely between black and white, with less than 3% of crime attributed to three other minority groups. Hispanic/Latino is not a racial group. To get the “white” total without having 90% of Hispanics/Latinos added to that number, do the following:
- Go to The FBI data for 2013 and look at “Murders” (“Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter”).
- Scroll down to the bottom of Table 43A. There you will see a left-right scroll bar, and you can scroll to the right (then scroll back up) to view what I assume 99% of people don’t see: Two columns for “Not Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic or Latino.” (You can also click on the table, and use arrow keys, too, which is easier.)
- There you can see that 21.7% of murders are by “Hispanic or Latino.”
- At this point, subtract 90% of the Hispanic/Latino’s “ 21.7%” on the far right column, which gives you 19%.
- Subtract 19% from “white” category of 45.3%. The non-Hispanic white share of murders is close to 26%.
I would bet a silver dollar with a non-Hispanic white president on it that many people — activists especially — see “white” in that column, like Sally Kohn and others, and do NOT factor in that it includes another 16–17% of the population that is Hispanic/Latino. (Thus, when looking at FBI Uniform Crime Data, assume that almost 80% of the population that is “white” accounts for 68.9% of arrests in 2013.) In short, far too many on the left play politics with crime data. I’m attempting not to.
That’s a rough way of getting the most accurate percentage of non-Hispanic white persons, which is reasonable given a vast majority of debate over race and crime in the U.S. comes down to these categories: White, Hispanic/Latino, Black, Asian/Pacific Islander and/or Native American.
But does that answer the breakdown question of how Hispanics sometimes get grouped in with non-Hispanic whites sometimes? A good area to understand how this gets confusing is when The Washington Post and The Guardian separate those two groups when it comes to victims of police shootings, which I parse on other Medium essays.
How 90% of Hispanics/Latinos are Counted as “White” in Census Data: Wikipedia has the Answer
Based on the definitions created by the Office of Management and Budget and the U.S. Census Bureau, the concepts of…en.m.wikipedia.org
In the 2010 United States Census, 50.5 million Americans (16.3% of the total population) listed themselves as ethnically Hispanic or Latino. Of those, 53.0% (26.7 million) self-identified as racially white. The remaining respondents listed their races as: some other race 36.7%, two or more races (multiracial) 6.0%, Black or African American 2.5%, American Indian and Alaska Native 1.4%, Asian 0.4%, and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 0.1%.
The respondents in the “some other race” category are reclassified as white by the Census Bureau in its official estimates of race. This means that more than 90% of all Hispanic or Latino Americans are counted as “white” in some statistics of the US government.
Hispanics and Latinos who are native-born and those who are immigrant identify as White in nearly identical percentages: 53.9 and 53.7, respectively, per figures from 2007. The overall Hispanic or Latino ratio was 53.8%.
White Hispanics are widespread, with Florida and Texas being 2 states with some of the highest percentages of Hispanics self identifying as white.
(One could possibly also deduct 10% off the “black” category if you want to say non-Hispanic black. But I’ve yet to read if that’s done anywhere.)
It’s true that the non-Hispanic white population (63%) is responsible for only one-quarter of murders (26%) and higher percentages for all other crimes except for robbery (24%). Non-Hispanic whites make up 39% in prison (blacks are 40% and Hispanics are 2% points higher than their share of the population, at 19%). These are are FBI and Wikipedia stats for African Americans: Homicide offender (and victim) rate = 50–55%; Violent crime arrests = 39%; Weapons arrests = 40%; Overall arrests = 28%.
What About Heather Mac Donald’s Breakdown of Disparities of Crime Victimization and Offending by Race?
As a response to Traditional Tradesman’s post, I started fussing with what Mac Donald in that National Review article was concluding with that chart because I spent an hour the other week trying to parse it. On the surface, it looked like some American Renaissance data crunching, which bends statistics for racist ends. I went back to it in October 2017, and I can see how simple it is to calculate how 5 times more crime is directed at whites by blacks than vice versa (this chart breaks out Hispanics as their own category). Simply deduct 13.7% from about 4 million white victimizations (4,091,971), and then deduct 10.4% from nearly 1 million black victimizations (955,800). You do get the exact numbers that Mac Donald calculates. She says:
In fact, white violence against blacks is dwarfed by black on white violence. In 2012, blacks committed 560,600 acts of violence against whites (excluding homicide), and whites committed 99,403 acts of violence (excluding homicide) against blacks, according to data from the National Crime Victimization Survey provided to the author. Blacks, in other words, committed 85 percent of the non-homicide interracial crimes of violence between blacks and whites, even though they are less than 13 percent of the population. Both the absolute number of incidents and the rate of black-on-white violence are therefore magnitudes higher than white-on-black violence. There is no white race war going on.
Looking at the annual FBI chart on murder by race of victim and offender, one can also see easily see that about 2 times as many homicides are directed at blacks towards whites than vice versa, 409 versus 189. (This table does not break out Hispanics into their own category.) I do wonder how “murder” would be vastly different than all other categories of “violent crime” — but arrest tabulation (FBI) often points to different results than victim surveys (what Mac Donald is looking at), though there is overlap at times.
However, I’m not sure what a statistician would say when dealing with demographics where non-Hispanic whites are 5 times more of the population than blacks. Here’s what I would assume if all things were equal (everyone treats each other the same; there’s no stratification off poverty and crime among racial backgrounds): The interracial crime would be 1:1, i.e. no one side of the racial divide would receive more victimizations than the other. However, that is clearly not the case.
“White Supremacy Has to Die” i.e. White Men
Yet the narrative is pushed by critical race theory professors who say “some white people will have to die” to carry out justice against “anti-black” forces. There’s many sides to this complex point, and Snopes tends to side with the professor’s arguments, arguing his words are taken out of context. Perhaps. The professor obfuscates the point that “historically” one could say lynchings are a good reason to defend oneself. Yet it’s a contemporary reality that there practically are no lynchings. Additionally, 43% of cop killers are black, but 25% of the victims of lethal force by police are black, thus making the professor’s argument a logical and irrelevant fallacy. Today, social and mainstream media erupts from a drunken white man perpetrating a hate crime murder in Kansas against another man from India, while far less attention was paid to a hate crime mass killing in Fresno in 2017 where a black man killed 3 white people (representing almost half of of the average annual hate crime killings). He was motivated by paranoid fears of the white majority threat against blacks, saying from jail to CNN, “All I knew was white supremacy has to die and the people who benefit from white supremacy … are white men.” They say he’s being checked for his mental health, but his sentiments are widespread and often heard on college campuses and social media. Those ideas were a direct motivation to murder 5 police in Dallas by a sniper on a quest to “kill white people, especially white police officers,” as well as in Baton Rouge where 2 cops were killed by a black militant who praised the Dallas shooter. That same month, July 2016, a black Harvard economist and MacArthur Fellowship winner showed the world that white people were more likely to be shot and killed by police than black people. Many people didn’t listen.
Final Thought in Bullet Points and Sources
- 7.5% of black homicides are by whites, including Hispanics. (FBI data)
- 13.6% of white homicides, including Hispanics, are by blacks. (FBI data)
- Homicides of blacks by police amount to less than 4% of total black homicides. (Guardian data, CDC homicide totals, and Violence Police Center racial breakdown of homicide)
- Homicides of non-Hispanic whites by police would account for 12% of total white homicides. (Guardian data, CDC homicide totals, and Violence Police Center racial breakdown of homicide)
- In the end, the question needs to be asked and understood by all Americans before we move forward together: Who should fear who? (Frankly, rarely the unknown stranger, except if in high-crime areas.)