Most Common Causes Of A Knee Pain Complaint

Knee pain is a common complaint for which there are many causes. It therefore becomes extremely important find the cause of pain to ensure a proper diagnosis and treatment for the pain. Knee pain can be caused by mechanical problems and injuries around the knee area.

1. Injuries:

· ACL injury

It is the tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament which is one of the four ligaments that connects the thigh bone to the shin bone. This type of injury commonly occurs within sports like soccer or basketball which require the player to make sudden changes in movement.

· Knee bursitis

These knee injuries cause inflammation in the bursae which are small sacs of fluid that cushion the outside of the knee joint. They allow the tendons and ligaments to glide smoothly over the joint.

· Patellar tendinitis

Tendinitis is an irritation or inflammation of one or more tendons. Skiers, runners and those involved in jumping sports are more prone to develop inflammation in their patellar tendon.

· Torn meniscus

Meniscus comprises tough, rubbery cartilage which acts like as a shock absorber between the shin and thigh bone. It can get torn if you twist your knee while bearing weight on it.

2. Mechanical problems:

· Loose body

Sometimes degeneration of the bone or injuries can cause a piece of cartilage or bone to break and float in the joint space. This can create problems if the loose body interferes with knee movements.

· Dislocated kneecap

This occurs when the triangular bone that covers the front of the knee slips out of place. In some cases this may cause dislocation to be visible if the kneecap remains displaced.

Some basic knee pain treatment tips one can follow are:

· Rest and protect the sore area by reducing the movement of the leg.

· Ice is one of the simpler knee pain treatment options as it helps reduce the pain and swelling. Apply an ice pack for ten to twenty minutes at least three times a day.

· For the first 48 hours avoid hot showers, hot tubs or alcoholic beverages as they can increase the swelling.

· Gently wrap the injured area with an elastic bandage as this helps reduce the swelling.

· After 48 hours, apply a small amount of heat and gently begin exercise to help restore and maintain flexibility.

· One of the most important knee pain treatment a pieces of advice your doctor may provide you with is to keep the injured area elevated on pillows while applying ice to minimize the swelling.

If you have suffered from any kind of knee injury it is extremely important to get a doctor to look it over to ensure no serious damage has been caused to the knee.