In this era where every other person is doing a desk job or anything like that where physical activities have nearly vanished from most of their day to day lifestyle, it has become really important to bring something to boost their metabolism and mental health. Yoga can prove to be the perfect choice.
Yoga is the physical, mental and spiritual practices or disciplines. The chief aim of Yoga is “uniting” the human spirit with Divine.
The term Yoga has been defined in different ways in different Indian philosophical and religious traditions.
- Bhagavad Gita : “Yoga is said to b equanimity”, “Yoga is skill in action”
- Sravakabhumi : “Yoga is fourfold: faith, aspiration, perseverance and means”
- Yoga Sutras of Patanjali : “Yoga is the suppression of the activities of the mind”
- Vaisesika sutra : “Pleasure and suffering arises as a result of the drawing together of the sense organs, the mind and the objects”
- Brahmasutra : “Yoga is the means of perceiving reality”
- Malinivijayottara : “Yoga is said to be the oneness of one entity with another”
( Source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoga )
Yoga is a physical activity mainly consisting of asanas and sometimes breathing exercises of pranayama, ending with relaxation or meditation.
The number of asanas used in yoga has increased rapidly from 84 to nearly 1000.
Yoga has developed into a worldwide multi billion dollar business, including classes, teachers, clothing, videos, books and equipment.
— — — EVIDENCE BASED BENEFITS OF YOGA — — —
- Improves Flexibility : Yoga develops greater strength and flexibility in your muscles which reduces the risk of injury and allows greater body movement .
- Improves Posture : Posture is very important for a healthy life. When your spine is healthy, pathways of the nervous system are strong and clear. It also help to prevent and relieve chronic back pain.
- Increases Strength : Yoga helps you balance strength with flexibilty, compared to lifting weights at gym.
- Reduces Stress and Anxiety : It has a positive influence on mental health and helps in reducing stress, anxiety and depression.
- Improves Sleep Quality : It helps you relax and unwind, fall asleep faster, sleep longer, and feel more rested when you wake up.
- Improves Concentration and Focus : Yoga increase our awareness about our mind, body and breathe which increases our concentration in day to day activities.
- Improves Cardiovascular Health : Yoga helps to reduce blood pressure and decrease risk factors for heart disease.
Yoga is the best practice for those who are suffering from any mental or physical problem. It is followed since a long time. Many people in old times used to practice yoga which was the main reason for their strength. 21st May is listed as the International Yoga day all over the world and on this day many people do yoga. But the most sad thing is that many people don’t know and understand the importance of yoga in their daily and hectic life. Most of the people in today’s era are just following their routine of doing their desk-job which is making their body weak and also the latest technology is making our lives more and more comfortable due to which we are ignoring the physical work our body should do to remain healthy.
Health care demands are on a steady rise over the last 20 years. The controllers of the health care system whom we call ‘doctors’ are highly educated and expertise in handling emergency problems in the health but do not often emphasize on long term health which can be significantly done by maintaining a connection between the mind and the body. People presently do everything to hurt the body presently like they overwork,overfeed the food that is almost impossible to digest. And then comes the by-product of this behavior is a body that ages rapidly with a subsequent increase in the risk of many health problems such as cancer.
Now if we talk about the types of yoga practices ,its difficult to discuss them all as there are so many ,some native to the place ,some native to the cultures, but here are some of the most popular yoga practices :
- VINYASA YOGA : It is a popular yoga practice which means linking breath with movement.
- ASTHANGA YOGA : It means “eight limbs” and encompasses a yogic lifestyle. It also synchronizes breath with movement.
- IYENGER YOGA : Also based on “eight limbs” of yoga, it aligns the asanas using breathe control through pranayama and the use of props.
- BIKRAM YOGA : It consists of 26 yoga postures and 2 breathing exercises which is 90 minutes long.
- JIVAMUKTI YOGA : It incorporates Sanskrit chanting, Pranayama, and movement, with a theme or lesson.