Pickleball was invented in 1965 on Bainbridge Island, a short ferry ride from Seattle, Washington. Joel Pritchard, Bill Bell and Barney McCallum founded this game in the summer season when their kids were bored during their vacation.
Pritchard’s property had an old badminton court. So he and Bill Bell looked for some badminton equipment but could not find a full set of rackets. So, they improvised and started playing with Table Tennis paddles and a perforated plastic ball. At first they placed the net at Badminton height of 60 inches but later when they found that the ball bounced well on their surface, they lowered the net to 36 inches. Barney McCallum was introduced to the game at Pritchard’s home some days later. Soon, the three ‘fathers’ created initial Pickleball rules mainly taking suggestions from Badminton. They kept in mind the original facts and purpose in mind and that was to provide a game that the whole family could play together.
GROWTH OF PICKLEBALL
The game that started as a family entertainment became so popular that it spread across the boundaries of Seattle and reached USA and Canada. The most interesting fact is that the sport has been accepted both by the young, woman and veteran demographics. The growth has been enormous in recent years both in the USA and other parts of the world. Presently it is being played in countries of Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia. The world governing body of Pickleball is International Federation of Pickleball (IFP). The organisation was established to introduce Pickleball to all nations so that they may embrace the sport as one of their national sports and ultimately to achieve official recognition by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in order to establish Pickleball as an Olympic sport. The IFP has set rules and regulations for the game and the associations affiliated to IFP have to follow the rulebook.
India has made a huge progress in Pickleball in recent years. It has reached to 16 states of India with around 3000 registered players playing the game. The skill progression has been massive among Indian players. They participate in national and international tournaments including the USAPA tournaments. The formation of All India Pickleball Asscociation (AIPA) was an important happening in the history of Indian Pickleball Players. Since then, there has been a structured growth of Pickleball in India.
WHAT IS PICKLEBALL?
· A paddle sport that combines many elements of Tennis, Badminton and Table Tennis.
· Often Pickleball vs Tennis is an interesting topic to discuss, but the fact is Pickleball strategy and Pickleball rules are quite different from Tennis .
· Can be played both indoors or outdoors on a Badminton-sized court and a slightly modified Tennis net.
· Played as doubles or singles.
· Can be played by anyone of any age and weight.
· Pickleball kitchen is a unique feature of this sport. The kitchen is a colloquial term for the non-volley zone. This is a section of the court that is 7 feet away from both sides of the net and extends to each sideline.
WHY IS IT CALLED PICKLEBALL?
People are really curious about the fact that why it is called Pickleball?
The first story came from Barney McCallum who referred that the Pritchards had a dog named Pickle who had the habit of running away or picking the balls when the families played Pickleball. So they thought of naming their new game Pickleball to bring out the funnier side of the sport.
But the Pritchard family completely contradicted Barney’s claim about why it is called Pickleball. According to them, Joel Pritchard’s wife Joan who was a competitive rower gave the name Pickleball because it reminded her of pickle boat. They further added that Pickle came later in their family and was named after the sport.
PICKLEBALL COURT SPECIFICATION
· The Pickleball court dimension is 20 feet (6.10 m) wide and 44 feet (13.41 m) long for both singles and doubles matches.
· The lines parallel to the net at each end of the court are known as Baselines.
· The lines perpendicular to the net on each long side of the court are known as Sidelines.
· The area of court bounded by three lines and the net: the parallel line 7 feet (2.13m) from the net and the two sidelines, which are perpendicular to the net are known as Non-Volley Zone (NVZ).
· Net posts should be 22 feet from the inside of one post to the inside of the other post.
· The net length should be at least 21 feet 9 inches (6.63m) extending from one post to the other. The net height should be at least 30 inches(0.76m) from top to bottom.
· The ball shall be made of a durable material molded with a smooth surface and free of texturing.
· The ball shall be 2.87 inches (7.3cm) to 2.97 inches (7.55cm) in diameter.
· The ball shall weigh between 22.1and 26.5 grams.
· The ball shall have a minimum of 26 to a maximum of 40 circular holes.
· Presently paddles made of lightweight composite materials, including aluminium and graphite.
· The paddle hitting surface shall not contain holes, indentations, rough texturing, tape, or any objects or features that allow a player to impart additional spin on the ball.
· The combined length and width, including any edge guard and butt cap, shall not exceed 24 inches (60.96 cm). The paddle length cannot exceed 17 inches (43.18 cm). There is no restriction on paddle thickness.
· There is no restriction on paddle weight.
· The manufacturer must have a clearly marked brand and model name or model number on the paddle. Paddles with different core material, surface material, or other significant differences must have a unique name or number.
WHAT ARE THE RULES OF PICKLEBALL
· Pickleball can be played as a singles or doubles game.
· Matches can be of a single set or best of three sets. A game is normally of 11 points and must be won by 2. The score is gained only while serving.
· The serve must be hit with an underhand swinging motion with the server standing behind the baseline and serving into the adjacent service box.
· The centre line, side lines and baselines are considered in on a serve but if the ball lands on the no-volley line it is a side out. If the ball hit the net and goes into the service box it is a let and the server maintains the serve.
· When the ball is served the player on the receiving side must let the ball bounce once before hitting it. When the ball is returned to the serving side the ball must again bounce once before being hit. After the ball has bounced once on each side the ball can be hit without bouncing as long as you arent in the no-volley zone 7 feet from the net.