Greenhouse gases have far-ranging environmental and health effects. They cause climate change by trapping heat, and they also contribute to respiratory disease from smog and air pollution. Extreme weather, food supply disruptions, and increased wildfires are other effects of climate change caused by greenhouse gases. The typical weather patterns we’ve grown to expect will change; some species will disappear; others will migrate or grow.
How to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
Virtually every sector of the global economy, from manufacturing to agriculture to transportation to power production, contributes greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, so all of them must evolve away from fossil fuels if we are to avoid the worst effects of climate change. Countries around the world acknowledged this reality with the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015. The changes will be most important among the biggest emitters: Twenty countries are responsible for at least three-quarters of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, with China, the United States, and India leading the way.
The technologies for ramping down greenhouse gas emissions already exist, for the most part. They include swapping fossil fuels for renewable sources, boosting energy efficiency, and discouraging carbon emissions by putting a price on them. (Read more about such solutions here.)
The world technically has only one-fifth of its “carbon budget” — the total is 2.8 trillion metric tons — remaining in order to avoid warming the Earth more than 1.5 degrees Celsius. Halting the trends in motion will require more than just phasing out fossil fuels. In fact, the paths to halting global temperature increase of 1.5 or 2 degrees C, the two goals outlined by the IPCC, rely in some way on adopting methods of sucking CO2 from the sky. Those include planting trees, conserving existing forests and grasslands, and capturing CO2 from power plants and factories.
Nearly all economists agree that if you want to end climate change, you need to put a price on carbon and then integrate that price into the economy — whether via offsets that pay for emission- reductions elsewhere or via a carbon tax. The voluntary offset market is no different.
In addition to the climate change mitigation benefits associated with the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the project expects to generate a variety of social and environmental benefits in the project area. These benefits will come from the following programs and groups of activities:
- Income Generation Through the Promotion of Sustainable Businesses: Community organization and business training will be combined to improve the local capacity in forest management and forest product extraction. Research and development of new technologies will allow for innovation in the quality and types of products local communities produce. Furthermore, market development activities will be undertaken to improve market access. This combination should enhance the production of forest products from the local communities involved in the project.
- Strengthening of environmental monitoring and control by making improvements in the existing monitoring system managed by the local communities and by making large investments in the work of the environmental protection infrastructure and staff and the land titling agencies, as well as in advanced remote sensing monitoring techniques. The costs of monitoring remote areas like the Reservee are very expensive because the area is very difficult to access. The REDD mechanism will provide the resources necessary to overcome the deficiencies of the State’s ability to monitor such areas.
- Community Development, Scientific Research, and Education: Education centers will be constructed to train and transmit scientific information to local communities in conservation efforts as well as to provide opportunities for the training of professionals specializing in biology, forest management, environmental education, etc. The involvement of local communities will only be possible through the existence of solid and active organizations, which are also necessary for organizing and strengthening local populations.
EBCF is a social enterprise driven by a social-environmental mission to promote: (i) Rainforest Conservation; (ii) Biodiversity Protection, (iii) Sustainable Development of Local Communities and; (iv) CO2 emissions reduction. As a result, we fight actively against deforestation, poverty, global warming, and climate change.