The philosophy of religion
The philosophy of religion is the mental study of the meanings and trials offered by religious foundations and their interpretations of natural and beyond-natural phenomena such as creation, death, and existence of the Creator. The philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy related to questions related to religion, the nature and nature of the Lord and the issue of his existence, examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship between religion and science. It is an ancient approach, found in the oldest manuscripts of philosophy known to humanity, and is associated with other branches of philosophy and public thought such as metaphysics, logic, and history. The philosophy of religion is usually discussed outside academic frameworks through famous books and debates, especially with regard to the two issues of God’s existence and the dilemma of evil. Religion philosophy differs from religious philosophy, on the one hand, it aspires to discuss questions about the nature of religion as a whole instead of analyzing the problems posed by a particular belief system or belief. It is designed in such a way as to be debatable by both those who define themselves as believing or not. And as a branch of the metaphoric
Philosophy of religion was considered classic as part of metaphysics. Aristotle described in his book “Metaphysics” the first causes as one of the branches of his investigation and research. For Aristotle, the first cause was the immobile engine, the object that animates the universe without being itself in motion, and this was called the Lord, especially when Aristotle’s work appeared again on the surface in the Middle Ages in the West. This controversy about the first engine and the first causative was later called the natural theology by the philosophers of the minds of the seventh and eighteenth century. Today, philosophers have adopted the term philosophy of religion for this subject, which is usually regarded as an independent field of specialization, although some philosophers, especially Catholics, still regard it as a branch of metaphysics.
In the historical relationship between the philosophy of religion and metaphysics, the traditional themes of religious discussion were the existence of such beings as gods, angels, natural forces, etc., as well as certain events and abilities or methods (creation of the universe, the ability to do or know anything, Thus, metaphysicians (and anthropologists in particular) have focused on understanding what it means that something exists — that is, an entity, an event, a capacity, or a process. This is because many members of religious traditions believe in things that are in a completely different way from everyday origins. Religious beliefs create certain philosophical problems as well as central metaphysical principles. The questions of theologians, different from the philosophers of religion, often consider the existence of God as self-evident or self-explanatory, justify, and justify or support religious claims with rational logic, metaphysical metaphor, and intuition. In contrast, religious philosophers test and criticize the cognitive, logical, moral and aesthetic rules embedded in the claims of a religion. While the theological world analyzes rationally or empirically the subject of the nature of God, the philosopher in religion is more interested in asking what is known and to express an opinion with regard to religious claims. Other questions taught in philosophy of religion include what, if anything, gives us a good reason to believe that a miracle has occurred. What is the relationship between faith and logic? What is the relationship between religion and morality? What is the state of religious language? ? Philosophy of religion goes beyond metaphysics and it addresses questions in different fields such as the theory of knowledge, philosophy of language, philosophical logic, and moral philosophy. See also the worldview.