The story of Sant Nirankari Mission.

I’m preparing this answer for quite a long time. So its a long one.

First we need to understand that this mission and not stereotype it with some superstitious groups which are notorious nowadays for their unethical activities.

The Sant Nirankari Mission also known as Universal Brotherhood Mission with a motto of Oneness, is an all embracing spiritual movement(neither a new religion nor a sect of an existing religion, but an all-embracing spiritual movement dedicated to human welfare), cutting across all divisions of caste, color, and creed. The Mission seeks to reveal God realization, also known as Nirankar, to all human beings irrespective of theirreligious faith, sect, or community they’re born with and thus liberate them from the shackles of ignorance, superstition, ritualism, and dogmatism in the name of devotion to God.

The realization of God not only maintains balance between spirituality and materialism in day to day life, but also takes a person to the cherished achievement of brotherhood of mankind which leads to peaceful coexistence. The meditation here is to feel the existence of God in everyone and everywhere.

The founder of the Sant Nirankari Mission, Baba Buta singh ji had spiritual leaning from the very childhood and had developed a special aptitude for reciting Gurbani.

On a day in 1913, while he was singing at a congregation. With tears in his eyes, he sang:
Mohan ghar aavo, haun karon jodariya (O Lord, come home, I humbly entreat.).Those sitting in the congregation were enjoying the delightful recitation. One of them, Bhai Sahib Kahan Singh Ji, who was also listening to Baba Buta Singh Ji with rapt attention.After the program, he could not resist approaching Baba Buta Ji. He asked him politely, “Bhai Buta Singh Ji, where is your Mohan (Lord) whom you want to meet?” and added hastily, “First know Him, otherwise your calling Him will have no effect.”
These words had a piercing effect on the young Buta Singh Ji. He clearly understood that the realization of formeless one is necassary for the enlightment of soul.
Baba Buta Singh Ji and his esteemed wife had a very simple life. Being a staunch devotee of God, Baba Buta Singh Ji would not like to think of worldly requirements beyond what was necessary for ‘present’.
The Sant Nirankari Mission had its formal beginning on May 25, 1929, the day when Baba Avtar Singh Ji joined him in taking the spiritual light to as many people as possible.The orthodox elements of the time did resist them but indirectly served to make the Mission known to more and more people.
Baba Buta Singh breathed his last in 1943.

After him, Baba Avtar singh ji took this responsibilty to serve the manking with self-realization.

He preached the divine message during the period from 1943 to 1962. He was all out for the uplift of mankind through dissemination of the divine word. He faced opposition from different fronts in carrying out his missionary obligations, but he remained moulded and welded to the Truth. He appeased the flood of opposition with his deep spirit of humility and love. He possessed wonderful skill to convince his critics, provided they chose to listen to him
To give an organisational outfit to the expanding Mission, Baba Avtar Singh Ji founded Sant Nirankari Mandal in 1948 and got it registered with Headquarters at Delhi. Sant Nirankari Sewa Dal also came into being in 1956 with Chacha Pratap Singh as its Head.

On December 3, 1962, while addressing a gathering of devotees at Paharganj in Delhi, Baba Avtar Singh Ji declared that hereafter they should address Gurbachan Singh Ji as Satguru, the True Master. On November 5, 1963, the entire Nirankari world saw the Satguru already manifested in him when they assembled in Delhi for the 16th Annual Nirankari Sant Samagam.

Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji was one of those great souls who lived and died for the noble cause of human unity through spiritual awakening. Throughout, he endeavored to transform the demoniac face of human society and inculcate the spirit of peaceful co-existence, love and harmony. He was pained to find people quarrelling and suffering because of hatred generated by ignorance, blind faith and superstition.
With the passage of time, the fast growing number of devotees needed some organizational reforms and Babaji took many decisions to strong the base of mission. He also felt the need to spread the mission outside of India as well. Despite having very limited resources, he took up the initiative and went onto many foreign visits with his wife Kulwant Kaur Ji, also called as Rajmata ji by saints.

Nirankari Rajmata Kulwant Kaur Ji was born on January 1, 1931 in Kaimalpur (now Pakistan). However, she was brought up in a spiritual environment. She loved to visit Gurudwara and listen to Gurbani. She received Brahm Gyan (God-knowledge) from Baba Avtar Singh Ji when she was just 8 year old and followed the enlightened path. In April 1947 she was married to Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji. Ever since her marriage, she served Baba Avtar Singh Ji more as her spiritual master, Satguru rather than her father-in-law. With full spirit of faith and devotion, she became an example for other devotees.
Devotees of the Mission started addressing her lovingly as Nirankari Rajmata Ji. She dovetailed her responsibilities at home in such a way that they never came in the way of her assisting Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji in promoting the spiritual message of the Mission. Here also she treated Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji as Satguru first and her spouse later.

Quite predictably, the voice of truth first raised by Baba Buta Singh Ji and Baba Avtar Singh Ji and now spread by Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji was resisted by the orthodox. Violent attacks were also reported from several centers.

The worst in the chain was the attack on the Baisakhi Samagam in Amritsar on April 13, 1978. Baba Gurbachan Ji was scheduled to address the Samagam. But before he arrived, about 200 fanatics attacked the congregation. The police opened fire. Eighteen precious lives were lost. The incident was followed by a court case. Several Nirankari saints remained in judicial custody for about two years before they were acquitted honourably.
When the judge asked Babaji,’’aapke kitne mare?”(how many were yours among the dead). He responded politely,’’vo sare mere hi the”(they all belonged to me).
The case was declared to be false and fabricated by the court. The court passed severe strictures against the then Government of Punjab for filing a totally false case against Nirankaris. The court held fanatics responsible for brutal attack on peaceful Nirankari congregation.

While the case was on, Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji did not sit back due to the turmoil. He declared that Truth always had to face such opposition and the greatest quality of the saints is that they do not feel frustrated realising that the Truth is on their side and it must triumph in the long run. There was, therefore, no let up in the activities of the Mission.

The opposition, however, did not end with the historic Karnal verdict in the Amritsar case, acquitting all the accused Nirankaris, including Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji, honourably. The fanatics made Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji personally the target of their violence. They made an attempt on his life first in Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh and then near Durg in Madhya Pradesh.

Ultimately, Baba Ji fell to their bullets in Delhi on April 24, 1980. Every peace-loving person lamented and condemned the senseless act of the fanatics as an attack on love and peace by the forces of hatred and violence. “An Apostle of God’s glory, a Messiah of human unity and a true social reformer, had fallen prey to religious intolerance”, commented newspapers. It was another blot on human history, said the intellectuals. And the peace-loving humanists felt that humanism had been ravaged.

Mere condemnation of the brutal act would, however, not suffice. The entire Nirankari world was in dismay. Their sense of tolerance as also the patience was under severe stress. It was only for the successor of Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji, His son Baba Hardev Singh Ji came to their rescue. He put aside his own worldly sentiments usual for a son on the tragic demise of his father and consoled every follower of the Mission to face the tragedy boldly and without any feeling of vengeance. He famously said,”rakt naliyo me nahi, nadiyo me behna chahiye”.(Human blood should flow in the veins, and not in the drains.)

When Baba Hardev Singh Ji Maharaj took over the spiritual command of the Mission. Her Holiness Nirankari Rajmata Kulwant Kaur Ji bowed at his feet as a humble devotee even though his mother in worldly relationship. And she showed the same faith and devotion towards Baba Ji till her last breath.

“They tried to bury us, but they did not know that we are seeds.”

The Mission is currently serving its purpose under the guidance and blessings of Baba Hardev singh ji and Mata Savinder Kaur ji.

Sant Nirankari Mission has been awarded with the Mahatama Gandhi Sewa Medal by the Gandhi Global Family for its commitment towards community services.
GGF presents Mahatma Gandhi Seva Medal to Sant Nirankari Mission

Both, Babaji and Mataji has been awarded as the Ambassador of peace by Universal peace Federation.

Rev. Rajmata Kulwant Kaur was awarded as Dharma Ratna by World religious organisation. Rev. Nirankari Rajmata Ji merged into the eternal abode on 29 August, 2014. She would always be a guiding star for every devotee.

Rajmata Kulwant Kaur dies at 84

Unless, our actions get dedicated to service of creation, the mission remains unaccomplished. Know GOD and then Serve GOD through service unto HIS creation(humanity).
The mission is continuously giving its service to mankind in every possible way. Oneness of mankind, peace and tolerance are the values which mission believes in and serving the purpose in various ways possible.

  • Blood donation
    Baba Hardev Singh Ji Maharaj started the program in 1986 after Baba Gurbachan Singh Ji’s martyrdom as a tribute to him and other individuals who sacrificed their lives to uphold ideals of truth, peace, tolerance, and non-violence. Thus spoke Baba Hardev Singh Ji/His Holiness, “Human blood should flow in the veins, and not in the drains”. Nearly 1400 camps have been held since 1986 with over 291,000 units of blood collected. There are more than 200 camps planned for 2008. Now every year more than 36,000 blood units are donated by Sant Nirankari Mission’s volunteers.
  • Social reforms

The Mission advises its followers to observe maximum austerity in marriages and other social functions. Thus, it counsels them to avoid unnecessary show of dowry and other materialistic displays.

In these social functions the Mission asks its members to instead spare whatever they can, and utilize the saved resources for the common good of humanity.

Mass Marriages, where hundreds of couples may get married at the same time in a common, simple function, occur multiples times annually.

In addition to the aforementioned progressive policy, inter-caste marriages are also encouraged. In fact Nirankari’s do not recognize caste in their social relations. Instead, what they value is spiritual enlightenment and devotion to Nirankar (God).
100 couples to marry at Nirankari Sant Samagam of Maharashtra in Navi Mumbai | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis

  • Compassionate aid

Continuing with the Sant Nirankari Mission’s philosophy of offering selfless service to humankind is its aid in case of natural disasters or other calamities. After heavy flooding caused a loss of human lives and damage to shelter and property during August and September 2007 in Bihar, Orissa, Nepal, and Himachal Pradesh the Mission voluntary teams (Sewa Dal) came forward to help the most hard-hit and inaccessible areas.

They offered food, clothing, temporary shelters, and subsequent monetary assistance to those hardest hit to reestablish them selves after the disaster.

Similarly, the Mission set up a Relief Camp for Tsunami victims at Port Blair of the Andaman Islands. The camp was highly appreciated by the local government, functioning jointly for more than a year.

The two organized proper and respectful disposal of the dead, medicines and actions to prevent the spread of disease, and also services in reconstruction and development of the Tsunami affected areas. Over the years the Mission has offered aid to victims of earth quakes, land-slides, cloud bursts, and other natural disasters.

As a measure of charity and relief to needy sections of society, monetary and medical help is provided to the Handicapped, Poor, Widowed, Aged and other extremely needy cases. Monetary assistance is given on a monthly basis to many such compassionate cases.

  • Education

The Department of Higher Education, Sant Nirankari Mandal is running one Post Graduate College titled Nirankari Baba Gurbachan Singh Memorial Degree College at Sohna, Distt. Gurgaon (Haryana) and two Senior Secondary Schools in Delhi — one each in Paharganj and Sant Nirankari Colony.

In addition, the Department of Education Public Schools, Sant Nirankari Mandal is running nine English Medium Public Schools — six in Delhi at Sant Nirankari Colony, Avtar Enclave, Tilak Nagar, Paharganj, Malviya Nagar and Govind Puri and one each in Faridabad (Haryana), Ludhiana (Punjab) and Durgapur (West Bengal)
The Education Department of the Sant Nirankari Mandal is running a scholarship scheme under which the meritorious students of the schools and colleges run by the Mandal are given scholarships. The Nirankari children achieving distinctions in other schools and colleges run/ recognized by the Government are also covered under this scheme.

Women empowerment
To encourage women’s empowerment the Mission operates 72 tailoring and embroidery training centers in different parts of India. The courses give women, who oftentimes have few marketable skills, a method to obtain employment or create their own income.

This economic empowerment has many positive consequences, often leading to increased social capital for women. Otherwise the skill training may serve as a resource within the family.

Another initiative the Mission supports is primary education to illiterate women, provided under a special program, ‘Project Upkar’. Villages having population of Tribals and Gypsies are the main target under this project.

HOSPITALS, DISPENSARIES and MOBILE HEALTH CARE
To reach out to people in remote and inaccessible locations, the foundation has been organizing many primary health check-up camps in various parts of the country. Many free eye camps have also been organized in the same course of action, benefitting many underprivileged sections of the society.
With the first dispensary set up in early 1950’s, we have come a long way to build many more such havens of health and healing. With many Allopathic and Ayurvedic Dispensaries, path labs and health care centers, where consultation, treatment and medicines are made available free of cost or at very nominal costs, our contributions have made a considerable difference. We also plan to set up a 500 bed Super Specialty Hospital in the Nirankari Complex, on a land of about ten acres, where quality health services shall be provided.

Longest Human Chain in World: Longest human chain in Mumbai — The Times of India

Personal note:

I’ve been very blessed to be associated with Sant Nirankari Mission since my childhood. It’d be tough for me to Imagine a life journey without it. Though I’ve tried my best to point out almost everything but I have to accept that I’m not even able to cover 10% of the words and deeds of mission.

Lets hold the hands together to make the ONENESS a reality.

Link to my original answer:

http://www.quora.com/What-is-the-Sant-Nirankari-Mission/answer/Anand-Tyagi-1