10 Prescription Drugs That Can Impact Male Fertility
Though reproduction is a natural process, however, some couples experience a problem while conceiving due to the impairment of the reproduction system. This condition or inability to bear a child due to various reasons is known as infertility. Besides being a widespread disease, it also affects both men and women equally.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant (conceive) after one year of unprotected sex.” Overall, the factors causing such a disease related to the reproductive system are different for both men and women.
For a woman, it can be due to irregular menstrual cycle and age, as well as the impairment of the ovarian function or the fallopian tubes and uterus, which are responsible for one getting pregnant. For a man, fertility is primarily dependent on the quality and quantity of the sperms. Although other reasons such as sexual problems, hormonal problems, etc., can also cause infertility.
The production and quality of semen gets severely impacted due to a number of factors such as, varicoceles (an abnormal enlargement of the pampiniform venous plexus in the scrotum), medical conditions (e.g., diabetes, trauma, infection, etc.), unhealthy habits (e.g., alcohol abuse, testosterone supplementation, smoking, etc.) and environmental toxins (including exposure to pesticides and lead).
Apart from these, medications have also been found to be a major contributing factor to infertility in men. To enhance one’s understanding about different medications that impact male’s fertility, the current article enlists some of the medications that one should think about replacing after consulting a medical expert.
1. Anabolic steroids/testosterone therapy: Opting for this therapy or medications that are used to counter muscle loss can make a male permanently sterile, reducing the sperm count and quality.
2. Antidepressants: Antidepressants, such as Prozac, Paxil and Zoloft, can impact a male’s sexual drive, his ability to get an erection and damage the sperm quality, thereby incapacitating him to fertilize an egg.
3. Antifungal medications: These medications can lower a man’s sperm count. Antifungal medications, such as ketoconazole, can restrain the production of hormones.
4. Blood pressure medications: Antihypertensive potassium-sparing diuretics lowers the sperm’s ability to fertilize an egg. Calcium channel blockers, such as Plendil, Cardene, Procardia and Cardil often used to treat high blood pressure, increase the risk of lower sperm count.
5. Chemotherapy drugs: Since chemotherapy drugs lower the sperm count in males, one consuming alkylating agents or one of the classes of chemotherapy drugs such as, cyclophosphamide and methotrexate, should consult a doctor as these can cease the production of sperms.
6. Epilepsy drugs: Common drugs such as carbamazepine and valproate, used to treat epilepsy can affect the sperm count, as well as reduce the level of hormone testosterone responsible for the development of male sexual features.
7. Painkillers: Besides inhibiting the release of prostaglandin, responsible for regulating the contraction and relaxation of muscles in the gut, painkillers delay ovulation, lower the sex drive and cause ejaculatory dysfunction.
8. Propecia: Commonly used for the treatment of hair loss in men, Propecia impacts the male reproductive hormones to such an extent that it can weaken the production and functioning of sperms. This is really harmful to the males with extremely low sperm counts.
9. Sulfasalazine: Commonly used to treat ulcerative colitis (a type of bowel disease), IBS, sulfasalazine can affect the total sperm count.
10. Urinary function drugs: Urinary function drugs, such as nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin), also lower the sperm count.
Seek professional help for overcoming addiction
According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the male partner is either the only cause or a contributing cause of infertility in around 40 percent of infertile couples. Therefore, it is important to curb the issue of male infertility to help couples lead a happy life.
If you know someone who is addicted to prescription drugs and seeking help from residential prescription drug abuse treatment centers in Colorado, contact the Colorado Prescription Abuse Helpline. Call us at our 24/7 helpline number 866–922–5915 to get information about the best inpatient prescription drug abuse treatment centers in Colorado.