These factors — and the corresponding rising public concern — may be contributing to a fourth phase of employment policy: might we call this ‘fair work’? In this phase, the goal is that maximising employment should be combined with a set of rules and expectations that ensure decency for all workers. The living wage (which of course builds on the minimum wage) is part of this reset, as are other small changes such as banning exclusivity in zero hours contracts. The Labour opposition has been arguing for stronger employment protection. But it is the fact Theresa May, a Conservative Prime Minister, has put fair work so high on her agenda that suggests we are moving into a new phase with new assumptions. The Prime Minister put disparities in pay and the lack of employee voice at the forefront of her pitch to be party leader. In office, her Government has continued in this vein by announcing less stringent conditionality procedures for people with disabilities. My Review, focussing on ‘non-standard’ employment’ is part of that shift in thinking.