Teaching and Learning Measurement
“Measurement” the word that often appeared in a mathematics lesson.
There are many types of measurement which are a measurement of length, time, mass, etc. In teaching and learning measurement, it is important to strengthen the understanding of concepts and skills because it is needed in learning measurement. The teachers can connect the material to the real-world situation or connected to the students’ interest. So, it will make the students easier to understand and also build students understanding in learning measurement.
In teaching measurement, it will be different approaches for each level. In the first grade on primary years, the students will use comparison when learning measurement. They will be able to compare which one is longer between the same two objects of different lengths. They will use the object in their surrounding. I have an experience about teaching measurement in the first grade when I was doing SEP this semester. At that time, I taught using the concrete objects in the classroom and also based on their experience. I explained to them about the words “taller, smaller, shorter”. Then, I gave them an example by showing a picture “have you ever gone to the zoo?” “which one the taller between elephants and giraffe?”. From my question, the students will use a comparison to answer it.
Teaching measurement in the fifth or sixth grade, it will more about calculation. So the students will learn how to find the area and also perimeter of the rectangle, square, and triangle. But, the calculation it will more simple and begin to use formal units in the measurement. The teachers also can develop students’ skill and think in this grade. So, It is important when teaching measurement in the primary years, the teachers should to related to real life.
It will different approaches when teaching measurement in the second years. In this level, the students will use the measurement to solve the real problem such as how to find the area and volume. In understanding about volume, the teachers can use an object or visual aids to derive the formula of prisms or cylinders which the area of the base times the height.
So, in the secondary level, the students will use units for measurement. When they are in the primary or first grade they will use informal units such as taller, shorter, etc. This makes the teachers should ensure the students have basic knowledge or skill about place values, multiplication, addition, etc.