Pest is a great testing framework built on top of PHPUnit. It has an elegant syntax simplifying your tests as much as possible.

Starting to work with Pest is very easy and we will see how to write more readable tests with it if you are used to PHPUnit.

Installation

First, install Pest via the Composer package manager:

composer require pestphp/pest --dev --with-all-dependencies

On Laravel, install the pest-plugin-laravel and run the pest:install Artisan command:

composer require pestphp/pest-plugin-laravel --dev
php artisan pest:install

Running your tests

You are probably used to execute vendor/bin/phpunit to run your tests. With Pest, you have to run vendor/bin/pest.

There is no difference in usage, you can continue to use the same options as with PHPUnit (--filter for example).

You can have PHPUnit and Pest tests in the same project. The vendor/bin/pest command will run your PHPUnit tests as well. But vendor/bin/phpunit will not run your Pest tests.

Files structure

No change here. Pest uses the same file structure as PHPUnit.

tests
- Unit/ComponentTest.php
- Feature/HomeTest.php
phpunit.xml

Skeleton

With Pest, there is no class. You just have to use the helper test() and a closure.

With PHPUnit, we do:

PHPUnit Test Skeleton

With Pest, we do:

Pest Test Skeleton

For convenience, you can also use the it() helper which is an alias of test() so you can writeit('renders the homepage', ...) .

Test Case

The closure you provide to your test function is always bound to a specific test case class. By default, that class is extending PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase.

If you have to change it, you can call the uses() function:

It will affect all tests of your file.

You may also use a specific test case class for all tests contained in a specified folder. For that, you can call the in() function in your tests/Pest.php file.

<?phpuses(Tests\TestCase::class)->in('Feature');// ...

Traits

uses() is not only for test case classes. It’s the function you have to use to apply traits.

With PHPUnit, we do:

Usage of trait with PHPUnit

With Pest, we do:

Usage of trait with Pest

Setup And Teardown

In your tests, you may want to run some code before and after each test or file.

With PHPUnit, we do:

Usage of Setup and Teardown with PHPUnit

With Pest, we do:

Usage of Setup and Teardown with Pest

Data Providers / Datasets

Data Providers allows you to run the same test multiple times with different data. With Pest, it’s called Datasets.

With PHPUnit, we do:

Usage of Data Provider with PHPUnit

With Pest, we do:

Usage of Dataset with Pest

Pest offers more features than PHPUnit, like Shared Datasets or Lazy Datasets.

Expectations

With PHPUnit, you have assertions. You can use them with Pest as well, without any change. But in addition to that, Pest offers expectations. Expectations allow you to write your tests like you would a natural sentence.

There are lot of available expectations like for example:

As you can see, switching from PHPUnit to Pest is not difficult, and brings a lot of readability to your tests. Besides the simplicity, Pest offers new and useful features that I let you discover on the documentation.

I hope you enjoyed this post. Feel free to give it a clap! 👏

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