Antonis Damianou: Look at Figure 3A in the study you cite from 1976.
Dr. David Ludwig

  1. How come this point wasn’t brought up during the study’s design (the Hall one). It was, after all, funded by NuSI…
  2. How long would you say it’s needed for the claimed body composition benefits to become apparent?
  3. Isn’t it true that after around 3 weeks of being in ketosis, even the small metabolic advantage that comes from the metabolic cost of gluconeoenesis becomes insignificant, since the body switches to uzing ketones instead of glucose?
  4. Can you share even one metabolic ward study that compares two isocaloric, protein matched diets (a ketogenic and a non-ketogenic one) which shows a benefit to the former?