The 2016 temperatures continue a long-term warming trend, according to analyses by scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York. NOAA scientists concur with the finding that 2016 was the warmest year on record based on separate, independent analyses of the data.
Earth’s 2016 surface temperatures were the warmest since modern record keeping began in 1880, according to independent analyses by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Globally-averaged temperatures in 2016 were 1.78 degrees Fahrenheit (0.99 degrees Celsius) warmer than the mid-20th century mean. This makes 2016 the third year in a row to set a new record for global average surface temperatures.
More than 1,600 people died due to extreme weather conditions across the country last year, with severe heat wave claiming the largest chunk of the total deaths at 40%, followed by flooding and lightning.
The IMD(Indian Meteorological Department)said 2016 was the warmest year ever recorded, globally as well as in India. Phalodi in Rajasthan recorded 51 degrees Celsius, highest ever recorded in the country.
January and February were the warmest winter months ever, according to IMD, which records weather patterns since 1901.
Bihar, Gujarat and Maharashtra topped the casualty list with the states contributing 35% of the total. They together recorded 552 deaths due to extreme weather patterns.
According to a report by India Meteorological Department (IMD), 40% of the total deaths were due to severe heat wave, which claimed more than 700 lives in the country, with Telangana and Andhra Pradesh together recording the maximum deaths i.e more than 400.
Already in March Middle in India we are experiencing Summer Severity. We are much worried about high temperatures in the ensuing June-August Months.
Everybody highlights the concern on growing temperatures,can’t we find a solution? Many Complex problems can have simple solutions if you turn to nature.
There are CAM plants Agave and Opuntia which are regenerative,care-free growth and act as ‘Carbon Sink’. Of late it has been established rise in temperatures have a direct bearing on CO2 Accumulation and water vapour excess in atmosphere.
Developing countries are blessed with vast waste lands and can contribute to Climate Stabilisation. They can grow CAM plants like Agave and Opuntia on a massive scale in Vast waste lands. These plants have multiple uses too.
. Generates Employment.
— A 1MW facility generates 60 agricultural jobs and 20 industrial jobs
2. Acts as Carbon Sink.
— One hectare of OFI “sequesters”, at least, 3X the CO2e of one Ha of trees
3. Fruits and Juice as Nutritional Supplement for Children in Developing countries
4. Fodder to Cattle
— 20 kilos of fermented OFI, as balanced “formula” for cows, at a production cost of OFI of ten US cents per day!
6. Hecogenin a Steroid from Sisal Agave
7. Having Cellulose and pulp (Agave) for paper making.
8. Fiber from Sisal Agave for making Clothes.
9. Medicinal value of Juice from Opuntia Fruit.
10.Sisal Agave dried Chips mixed with concrete for roof(since Sisal Agave has Strong Fibers).
The Nutritional value of Cactus Fruit competes with that of Apple,Orange and Pomegranate. The Fruit and Fruit juice of Opuntia on mass availability in Africa can help to supplement nutrient food in Africa.
World organisations like The World Bank,FAO,Foundations like Rockfeller Foundations,Developing countries Governments,can fund on “Wealth and Health From Waste” Projects (Opuntia & Agave).
Margaret Noble Foundation Seattle Award in Energy Technology.