Rapid development of the world’s population and shift in lifestyle lead to humanity’s enhanced demand for water. In addition, low rainfall in some areas of the globe has slowed water supply replenishment.
Each of us should therefore make every effort to preserve one of the most valuable commodities here on our planet, water. One such attempt is to look out in our homes for water leaks, no matter how tiny those leaks may be.
While some water leaks are so slow that they can not be detected, some homeowners ignore some recognized leaks. This is due to ignorance of the reality that in a year there would be thousands of gallons of tiny leaks that keep leaking. Imagine if the attitude of all homeowners was the same?
In addition, water leaks not only lead to water shortage globally, but also cause harm to some components of the structure of the house. Damage to the structural components of the house could cause the house to deteriorate faster, collapse, and injury to the occupants.
Water leak detection can be performed either by inspecting the regions and parts of the plumbing system of the house on a regular basis or by installing a water leak detection machine that is commercially accessible. There are two main kinds of detection scheme for water leakage:
1. Passive Leak Detection Systems — are usually stand-alone battery-operated devices that generate alarm sounds when their humidity sensor becomes moist, these alarms allow the homeowner to find precisely where the water leaks are and to repair them. Because these appliances are battery-dependent, their battery should be frequently changed.
2. Active Leak Detection Systems — also sounds an alarm when water leaks are detected and the water flow is stopped automatically. A moisture sensor or a flow sensor may be used to monitor any water leakage. There are two kinds of active detection scheme for leakage:
a. Individual appliance systems — monitors leaks from a single appliance and shut down the water supply to such appliance automatically if leaks are identified.
b. Whole house systems — monitors leaks throughout the house and should detect leaks from the primary water supply to the house.
Every house is unique and has a special situation to determine what type of water leak system is applicable. Some simple systems may be installed by the homeowner, but complex systems should be done by a qualified, local plumber.