Final Project News Script
This is a chapter review presented as a newscast.
You are watching Channel JOMC 240, where history affects the news. This is Chapter 24 News at 1:30. (Camera Shifts to News Anchors)
Hello, I am Arianna Riddle
And I am Dionte O’Neal.
In tonight’s Broadcast: The Satellite age is upon us, what does it have to offer, How President’s were affected by news media, the media’s access to war, and media outlets coming under attack and scrutiny.
The Satellite age is upon us. Multi-Channel cable television, which has the potential of 100 or more program choices, has made it possible for an all-news format, specialized content for various age groups and new opportunities for local programming and advertising. Ted Turner, who bought a UHF station in Atlanta in 1970 and turned it into “superstation” WTBS-TV, based his marketing on transmission of the station signal by satellite and acceptance by cable systems nationwide. In 1980, he launched Cable News Network, or CNN, the nation’s first 24-hour TV News service. Cable offerings soon proliferated. A non-profit public service network, C-SPAN, expanded to twenty-four hours a day in 1982. The National Broadcasting Company started CNBC, a 24-hour cable business new channel to compete with CNN.
Broadcast journalist decided in order to find their own journalistic standards; they took their print counterparts to task for sloppy reporting or lack of professionalism. However, it was rare to see journalist make press conference as part of their job. In 1974, Harry Reasoner criticized the New York Times for attention it paid to the movie “The Exorcist” with five stories. Reasoner quoted, “I’m afraid”, “the good old paper is possessed”. Also, Reasoner felt that the N.Y. Time and Newsweek had a lack of objectivity in the handling of Watergate as he expressed in his ABC commentary. Another exception to the rule occurred when Hughes Rudd examined The Business of Newspaper in a TV documentary, using an intense struggle for advertising dollars in Boston between the Boston Globe and Boston Herald American as base. The documentary was criticized by writers such as Ben Bagdikian, which the documentary included analysis of newspaper chain ownership.
The media has had a very interesting relationship with war. Our correspondent Ameera Vines has the story.
In 1983, American troops invaded Grenada in the Caribbean and the U.S. military refused to invite any reporters or allow them to file any stories. When journalists complained about the restrictions public sentiment sided with the government and felt that limitations on the press were justified. In condemnation of this action, NBC Nightly News commentator, John Chancellor was quoted telling bureaucrats “Do anything, No one is watching.”
After the invasion, different news stations came together to try to negotiate an understanding for future access to combat zones. PBS’s Inside Story presented highlights of the dispute. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, Michael Burch pointed out the absurdity of a news station covering a military dispute from both sides of the conflict. He also mentioned the amount of space that a news crew would take up in a war zone with already limited space.
In 1989 a “pool system” was instituted for the capture of President Manuel Noriega in Panama. The system required an officer be present whenever a reporter interviewed a serviceman. Although reporters said this interfered with independent reporting the military claimed it was to ensure civilian reporters’ safety.
Even though the pool system saved news stations money, they were still spending between $18 million to $40 million each to cover the conflicts and they had the same complaints about independent interviewing during the Persian Gulf War.
This period of covering military conflicts allowed for reporters such as CNN’s Bernard Shaw and Peter Arnett, Bob McKeown of CBS News and NBC’s Arthur Kent to receive wide praise due to their live broadcast performances of areas under attack.
This is Ameera Vines reporting
Back to you Arianna.
Thank you Ameera.
During the presidency of Former President George H.W. Bush, the role and propriety of Journalists performing as commentators were being questioned. Even befoe he became president, Journalist have been questioned. In 1988, while he was still Vice President, Bush confronted Dan Rather on the CBS Evening News. He claimed that his appearance was being used as an excuse to cross examine his role in the Iran-Contra scandal.
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After TV news and forms of programming such as The Day After and Roots grabbing the public’s attention, television began to receive more attention. However, as TV informational programming progressed, print media began to take the broadcast scene seriously. Famous newspapers for example “The New York Times”, covered broadcasting for more than twenty-five years with critiques by Jack Gould and in 1972, John O Conner. As the years went by, The New York Times had been criticized for having reporters with no experience in television or radio. One of the nation’s big newspaper, Los Angeles Times hired a team of entertainment reporters, which made the New York Times hire five TV critics with a division of labor between fiction and nonfiction programming. While the personalities of TV journalism progressed with critics like Tom Shales, Lawrence Laurant, and John Carmody from the Washington Post, Barbara Matusow, the highest paid TV journalist quoted “broadcast journalism is the only business in the country I can think of that has its chief competitor as its chief critic. Overall, journalists showed little inclination to examine the practices of the field critically. As of result, their efforts at self criticism, paled in comparison with their criticism of their rest of the society.
Correspondent 2 introduction
Correspondent 2: (Reagan)
Back to you Arianna.
Anchor 1: Happy News
Thank you ______
Throughout the history, the American news media have become the subject of intense criticism. Most of the criticism was provoked by journalists who assumed their role was to be critical to almost everyone else. Usually journalists measured their own accomplishments in terms of their ability to expose some others persons weakness. Their public and other institution described the journalist actions as arrogant mass media and indicated journalists to have low self esteem. As of result, the courts, led by the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Warren Burger limited the New York Times vs. Sullivan rule by narrowing the definition of public figure and public official; which was the right to privacy was strengthened against media intrusion by court decision. Both the skeptical investigative reporters and the conventional writers began in return fire by becoming interested in business matters. In response, many elements of the business community began to monitor media performance in such areas as energy, pollution, and consumer information. There were a lot of humiliations in the 1970’s for example 60 minutes, one of the investigate reporters, Illinois Power, waged a public relation campaign circulating more than 1,000 copies of a videotape to community groups and stockholders printing out 60 minutes flaws in preparing a report on the community.
The news media does not shy away from reporting controversy, and the Clinton infidelity is no exception. Ameera Vines has the story.
While the nation was experiencing tremendous economic prosperity and growth during Bill Clinton’s presidency, the media became preoccupied with stories of sex and scandal. The age of “tabloidization” created a new norm for covering public affairs. During the Whitewater affair, which involved the financial dealings of Hillary Clinton and some close friends, observers argued that the media paid too much attention to the “Whitewater affair”.
Although President Clinton was cleared, he remained under close scrutiny until allegations of an improper sexual relationship arose about the President and a White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
Clinton’s testimony before a grand jury and congressional hearings prior to his impeachment likewise received extensive newspaper and TV coverage, and a variety of radio and TV shows for months devoted their daily programs to the scandals and investigations and to the House proceedings and senate trials.
During Clinton’s trial, the media still received criticism for getting their information from leaks and anonymous tips. Steve Brill of Brill’s Content said the tips were hearsay and accused several publications of being extensions of the Whitewater investigation.
To take attention from the affair in the media, President Clinton visited China in 1998 and gave a 70-minute press conference predicting that democracy would come to China. If did not go unnoticed to American journalists that he avoided doing the press conference in the U.S. after his relationship with Monica Lewinsky broke in the news.
This is Ameera Vines Reporting
Back to you Dionte.
Thank you Ameera.
This has been Chapter 24 News at 1:30. Good day and may the good news be yours. Up Next is an episode of 60 Minutes.
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