Water Crisis looms large for India
Water Crisis is certainly a burning problem for India. Lack of rainfall over the decades, unabated deforestation and subsequent urbanisation, lack of water conservation, increasing water demands in households and working sectors etc are the main reasons of this grave water crisis in some parts of India.
70% of India's rivers and water reservoirs are more or less contaminated. We are the largest users of groundwater which puts a large pressure on the aquifers.
(Groundwater depletion in northern India - NASA)
Chennai, in recent times is facing unprecedented water scarcity and millions are rendered helpless to have access to clean drinking water.
Chennai is slowly becoming India's Cape Town in terms of water crisis.
According to a report of NITI Aayog :-
- 97 million city dwellers and more than 70 % rural folks hardly have any access to clean drinking water.
- 55% of wells ran out of water. In last decade, the ground water level dropped by 54%.
- More than 370 million Indians face drought like situations every year.
- By 2030, 21 cities in India (Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata etc) are likely face extreme water crisis if steps are not taken.
- Nearly 600 million Indians won’t be able to get clean drinking water by 2030, which will cause a 6% fall in India’s GDP.
According to the World Bank reports over the years :-
- India’s water demand will be double by 2030 than supply.
- India is among the world’s most water-stressed countries. In 1950, India had 3,000–4,000 cubic meters of water per person. Today, this has fallen to around 1,000 cubic meters, largely due to population growth.
- More than half of Indian states are threatened by groundwater depletion and contamination.
Why is India facing this ?
- We do not have any strict policy regarding water conservation and recycling.
- Faulty distribution system which leads to wastage of gallons of water on daily basis.
- 85% of rainwater drains into the oceans.
- On a daily basis, nearly 4 lakh liters of industrial effulents are drained into rivers and only 20% is recycled.
- Unrestricted ground water exploitation for industrial and agricultural purposes.
- Urbanisation led to concretization of a large amount of land which prevents the recharge of groundwater during monsoon.
The possible soultions :-
- Proper and strict policy framing for management of water, forest and land.
- Population control.
- Water conservation in large scale.
- Conscious usage of water through creating mass awareness.
- Rivers and lakes should be well regulated and kept pollution free.
- Rainwater harvesting should be done in a large scale backed by Governmental efforts. If 5% of the rainwater is conserved than it can provide adequate amount of water to 100 crore people for one year.
- Installation of water filter plants with modern equipments like Micro, Ultra and Nano filters along with Reverse Osmosis (RO) technology.
- Artificial groundwater recharge in hilly areas and water scarce areas.
So, please save water and spread awareness about it. Without the conscious efforts of the citizens, government alone can't do this properly.
Thanks for going through.
Have a nice day.