Significance Of NGOs In South Asia

What role do NGOs play in contributing towards development of the marginalised sections of society in South Asian nations like India, Pakistan & Bangladesh? Read on to find out.

We all know that NGOs or non government organisations provide assistance to the marginalized people in general. However, most of us are unaware of the fact that NGOs are, in fact, categorised under one umbrella of VOs (voluntary organisations), which work in favour of development and welfare of the marginalised sections of society. These groups have existed in South Asia since times immemorial, and under different names, including Welfare Organisations, Jirga, Gusthi, Sangathan, Sanstha, Falahi Aidare, etc. They are often classified based on their functions and levels, such as support groups and GROs (grass root organisations).

Speaking in broad terms, NGOs exist to primarily satisfy those needs of downtrodden people that remain unfulfilled by the other political, social and economic institutions. To be exact, business sectors usually avoid operating in these areas due to fear of loss. On the other hand, public sector has no access because of its other priorities such as politics & defense building and financial limitations. But NGOs are growing rapidly in the developing nations and playing an important role in supporting poverty alleviation, rural development, rehabilitation, policy advocacy and so on.

Nearly all NGOs for persons with disabilities and poverty have the same agenda — helping the people in coming out with different self-sustainable and socio-economic programmes. They make various contributions towards sustainable development of the South Asian nations. They mobilise locally available resources and the communities for initiating projects with the main goal of enabling them to lead better lives, augment their own efficacy in order to influence policy making at national level, and give a boost to social & economic growth of their community. They play an eminent role for the upliftment of the backward and downtrodden people even in the remotest corners of different regions. They use their funds and experience for resolving the cultural and economic differences among the local people. They help in bridging the gaps existing between technical and local knowledge in order to find durable solutions that would be accepted widely by target groups.

At present, new approaches are being applied by various NGOs across the South Asian region, especially in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal, for disseminating knowledge to different organisations as well as resolving problems by connecting them to local groups, and ultimately building links with international organisations. Various not-for-profit organisations are stupendously working towards providing marginalised communities, disabled people and other weaker sections of society with healthcare facilities, financial aid, vocational training and education.