What Reforms Need To Be Introduced In Our Current Rural Education System?
India has been growing in various sectors for several years now, but the sphere of education still seems to be in need of substantial improvement. Read this article for an insight into the reforms that can be introduced.
During the last couple of decades, India has been steadily experiencing proliferation in its education sector. However, many experts are of the opinion that there is always a significant amount of room left for improvement. Ever since the 90s, economic growth and poverty curbing in the nation have been substantial. So far, we have managed to keep the former at around 6.7 percent, which has allowed us to lift millions of underprivileged individuals out of poverty.
Yet there is one sphere which requires reformation on a massive scale, and that sphere is again education. According to the Census of India Socio Economic & Caste, barely 3.5 percent of all rural students graduated from college, but a staggering 35.7 percent are still illiterate. Fortunately, there are multiple organisations operating across the country, that are investing their tireless efforts into making free rural education available for marginalized students.
One vital area that can do with augmentation is improved collaboration between teachers and the students, in case of schools. Free schools in the rural parts of the country almost always utilise the system of rote learning, which is quite an obsolete teaching technique, since it largely depends on memorization and repetition. It prevent the pupils from comprehending the material properly and using it outside of class in creative ways. However, because public educational institutions outside urban regions have financial limitations, they are unable to alter their education system ideally.
But there is something which can be employed in order to bring about innovation and follow a different approach towards imparting education. Western institutions often use a method called Harkness which involves dialogue among students instead of mere discussions with teachers. Such a thing can allow the pupils in rural institutions to debate certain topics while the tutor acts as the guide all throughout. In other words, the teacher would be a leader as well as an observer. The major benefits of the Harkness method are great interpersonal skills, enhanced articulation & communication skills, strong grasp of lessons, and a broader view on issue or topic.
In addition to this, both government and non-government organisations are doing their best to have more and more students pursue higher education after completing their primary level education, particularly in the villages. This is because a more dynamic and educated populace would equal to a stronger workforce that can cut down on inequality & also provide a jumpstart to economic growth.