What Roles Do NGOs Play For Managing Disasters?
How do NGOs provide their assistance in times of disaster? In what ways do they help to prepare for the inevitable and create feasible plans of preparational intervention? Read on to find out.
Be it an organisation serving within a country or an international association, all NGOs follow a single objective of providing specialised and professional aid to needy people whenever required. It is important to note that the nature of an NGO can vary depending on how they are functioning. This is because there are various kinds of not-for-profit organisations, including international, regional, local and national. While the global ones act like advocators or donors, the others receive the offered assistance in order to deliver help to individuals who are in urgent need of it.
When it comes to disaster management, every NGO has a different role to play. Each body either focuses on preparing for a disaster in its own way or follows in the footsteps of others around them. This is vital because a calamity, be it natural or artificial, can victimise anybody, be it in private sector or public service. As such, NGOs rather function as keep players who create public awareness when a disaster is about to strike. They also spread information about how it can be prevented and what should be done if it occurs.
Besides generating awareness, NGOs also provide advocacy for disaster management. In fact, these organisations often receive accreditation for serving as partners of advocacy at different levels. Mostly, they engage governments for reviewing different policies in order to address concerns pertaining to disaster management. They can also develop in establishing an advocacy roadmap which predicts opportunities that are available for a group or country in order to invest in preparation. They invite participation of other partners as well to collect funds and use it for creating interventions for the disaster. Such a form of advocacy is very important as it improves strategy development, policy formulation, and drafting of disaster management programmes at different levels.
In addition to preparedness, non government organisations partake in assessment procedures as well. Here, they analyse the susceptibility & levels of risk exposure in operational areas. Moreover, this process aims to determine how people can respond to the disaster so far as available capacities and resources are taken into account. But no matter what action is planned to be implemented, it is vital to engage other stakeholders as well as the government in this very level, for support and funding.
However, when capacity building of all levels is taken into account, NGOs remain the main players of disaster management across the globe.