Interaction with Information II: Annotation and Reflection (Deadline: 9/20/2016 12:30)

These three articles, “Toward an ecology of hypertext annotation”, “Two-Dimensional Spatial P0sitioning as a Means for Reflection in Design” and “Promoting Reflection and Interpretation in Education: Curating Rich Bookmarks as Information Composition”, are all talking about annotation and reflection.

Annotations as an example

While the first article above is representing the purposes of annotations, the categories of annotations and the importances of annotations. And this article propose the importance of developing new ways to write annotation easier. The second one is talking about a new-designed product which can improve the reflection of designing for writing, which is directly responds to the problems that are proposed by the first article but only while designing writing. The third one is talking about a software that is used to improve the reflection while writing annotation. Thus, all the three articles are about annotations and writing, while the first article is more like to propose the problems and the other two are solving problems.

As it said in the first article, annotation has many dimensions and many purposes. Although annotation is as personal various action, it really can be found some regulation among it. Since readers can add different annotation on their paper books, the ratings and evaluations although are a nature way of readings, it is important to improve the tool of hypertext. As it said:

As the number of hypertexts grow, it is increasingly important to find new ways to bring value to them, especially in ways that not only fit with practice, but actively take advantage of it.

For the second article, the author said:

Our goal is to develop computer based tools that mimic and augment the amazing power of simple things like pencil and paper, or post-it notes.

So they develop ART to support the process of writing as design. And the ways they used are following four components: ElementMap, ElementEditor, DocumentViewer and LayerManager. The for components achieve the process of designing as building the structure of articles in ElementMap, then typing text into the ElementEditor, finding the displays of articles in DocumentViewer and using LayerManager to manage different modules of articles. The tool has been verified by users, which shows its effectiveness as a outcome.

The third article introduce a rich bookmark, named InfoComposor. They also conduct a user-response which is collect data of students about using their products for two semesters. After analyzing the data, they found out that the fluency and flexibilities are increased by their software obviously, which means their products are successful to effectively collect rich bookmarks. This new tool can be used in several situations:

Implication for design.
Engage students in reflection-in-curation.
Integrate visual and semantic representations.
Create convivial tool for education.
Expand situated context for reflection.

First, all these three articles use the principles that are mentioned before, which is design based on the needs of users. They all conduct a research on the needs of users and then solved the problems. After that they all conduct a research about the responds of their product within users. The process of designing is so obvious and effective. I think I can use their method when I design something in the future.

Moreover, since some needs of us is obvious but still not resolved by the designers such as writing annotation. I think it is because the way to write annotation has to be changed from writing process. As it can be seen from articles, they use something which is totally different from writing process but is also helpful for response. But I still think there are still something need to be done to really meet the needs of users. At least, I do not think my needs are satisfied about writing annotation and designing writing. This is also a material for me to think about in my future time. Maybe someday I can find a related job and really do something to make writing annotation easier.