Things To Consider When Renting or Buying Wheel Loaders

A loader is a type of tractor, usually wheeled, sometimes on tracks, that has a front-mounted square wide bucket connected to the end of two booms (arms) to scoop up loose material from the ground, such as dirt, sand or gravel, and move it from one place to another without pushing the material across the ground. A loader is commonly used to move a stockpiled material from ground level and deposit it into an awaiting dump truck or into an open trench excavation.

Source: Loader (equipment)

The history of this particular construction equipment can be traced back during 1920’S when small tractors were fitted with buckets for handling materials. During 1930’s a company in Manchester, England, E. Boydell managed to successfully engineer a small loader that consisted of a tractor and a small bucket, and this machine was powered using a 28HP engine. Come 1939, a certain Chicago engineer managed to successfully devise a 2 wheel drive loader that could accommodate 0.25m3 of materials.

Source: Understanding loader types and their benefits in the construction industry

There are four general tasks that these machines can perform: scooping, digging, dumping and carrying. They are commonly used for carrying construction materials like bricks, pipes and rock, and are also good for snow removal in commercial areas. Most farms use various types of loaders for many reasons, including scooping and transporting hay and excavating the land. Small ones can be used inside buildings.

Source: What are Wheel Loaders?


Besides wheels or tracks, skid steers and track loaders have two types of lift patterns. The radial-lift design was on the very first skid steers made. This design gets its name from the fact that the loader boom arms rotate on a single pivot point, causing the lift path to arc out to the pin height and then back as it reaches full height. In general, radial-lift machines continue to be popular for those who use the machines more for digging, prying, grading, dragging and back-filling.


The Pros and Cons

Tool carriers are generally specific, factory-built versions of wheel loaders. While the same model may be available in both a wheel loader and a tool carrier version, it is not generally feasible to convert a wheel loader to a tool carrier or vice versa once it leaves the factory, Ellis says.

The in-line, parallel-lift linkage used on most tool carriers provides the operator with greater down visibility. In contrast, the Z-bar linkage on a wheel loader places the hydraulic cylinder directly in the center of the operator’s field of vision.

In addition, when the operator picks the work tool off the ground with the tool carrier’s parallel-lift linkage system, it raises flat rather than rolling back as it would on a wheel loader. This time-saving feature is extremely helpful when loading or unloading pallets or anything else that you want to keep level.

The Z-bar linkage on a standard wheel loader has some advantages as well, including greater bucket breakout force. The Z-bar design also has fewer moving parts to maintain.

Source: Choose the Right Material Handler