I really enjoyed reading the article, and have been looking for solutions to some of the problems…
Pulkit Kumar

Glad to hear that :)

In the suggested solution ViewModelFactory itself isn’t scoped and neither are the dependencies. All we’re doing is deferring creation of these dependencies until onCreate is called. Using Provider or Lazy for that is just very handy and works out of the box with Dagger (anywhere where you are injecting T you can inject eg. Provider<T> instead and Dagger will generate code for you).

Scoping ViewModelFactory would also solve the problem, but using Singleton/AppScope would be in most cases too much though, because we usually need ViewModelFactory just for the Activity/Fragment lifetime.

Hope that clears things up :)