Information II : Annotation and Reflection— Reading Review (09/20/16)

Marshall, C. Toward an ecology of hypertext annotation, Proc ACM Hypertext 1998, 40–49.

Kumiyo Nakakoji, Yasuhiro Yamamoto, Shingo Takada, and Brent N. Reeves. Two-dimensional spatial positioning as a means for reflection in design, Proc DIS 2000, 145–154.

Webb, A., Kerne, A., Promoting reflection and interpretation in education: curating rich bookmarks as information composition, Proc ACM Creativity and Cognition, 2013, 53–62.

In Marshall’s Towards an ecology of hypertext annotation, she studies the dimensions and implications of annotation. It amazed me on how a usual practice — annotation, could be examined in such an academical way and yield very interesting results. She studies how college students made notes on textbooks, concluded various forms of annotation and trying to built an ecology of annotation to find out value behind annotations.

Annotation as a way to reflect person’s understanding and thoughts, could not only be helpful to the creators but also others in certain ways. Especially when we compared many annotative copies from same content, as Marshall noted, the n-way consensus appeared. This paper studies the overlap of highlight sentences and it turns out pretty obvious that these most overlapped sentences are of great value.

No matter papery or electronically, these annotation gives people freedom to structuring, emphasizing, linking and enriching information. People interact with information that reflects their thoughts in a non formal writing pattern. As also discussed in Kumiyo Nakakoji, Yasuhiro Yamamoto, Shingo Takada, and Brent N. Reeves’ Two-dimensional spatial positioning as a means for reflection in design, authors want to innovate a method to support designers’ conceptual interaction with materials require as little commitment as possible — like sketching in art design. However, they would like to apply this “sketching” idea into linear writing task. They first examined representations as a way for designs to do reflection other than any other purpose and classified reflection as in and on action. What they came up with is a two dimensional spatial positioning object that corresponds to either static or dynamic reflection — ART system. The idea of giving users the ability to freely position patterns is similar to what annotation has suggest the way to interact with the content. However, rather than understanding readings from other people like annotation, this two-dimensional positioning gives writers the ability to compose and justify of what they would like to perform.

As of Webb, A., and Kerne, A.’s Promoting reflection and interpretation in education: curating rich bookmarks as information composition, it is always interesting to read papers written by course instructor. It definitely has provided another angle for us to know more about our professor’s academic specialty. It talks about how curating Rich Bookmarks — like a index linkage that composed necessary information together, promote reflection and interpretation in education. What I particularly like in the paper is its explicit way of presenting ideas. Other than the above two papers, this one defined terms clearly, such as what is reflection, interpretation, curation, convivial, rich bookmark etc.