-BRICS 2nd Meeting: Disaster Management & NDMF
2nd Meeting of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, and China & South Africa) Ministers for Disaster Management will be held in Udaipur, Rajasthan on August 22-23, 2016.
 Flood Risk Management
 Forecasting of Extreme Weather Events in the context of Changing Climate.
 Recognizing the common challenge posed by natural and man-made disasters, BRICS countries have identified Disaster Management as an important area of collaboration.
 The Ufa Declaration signed by BRICS Nations at the 7th BRICS Summit on July 9, 2015 identified the need to promote cooperation in preventing and developing responses to emergency situations. Declaration also acknowledged the fruitful discussions on natural disasters within the context of BRICS cooperation in Science, Technology and Innovation.
 It also reiterated BRICS commitment to mitigate the negative impact of climate change. All the five BRICS countries have signed the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
 They are also parties to the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in March, 2015 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September 2015. A number of SDGs have specific targets related to Disaster Risk Management (DRM).
Objectives of this meeting are-
 To share experiences on flood risk management particularly with regards to Flood risk assessment, Flood forecasting and Early warning and emergency response
 To share experiences on current systems in each country for forecasting extreme weather events — heat and cold waves, and episodes of extreme rainfall– particularly in the context of a changing climate
 To identify opportunities for- Collaboration between institutions of respective BRICS countries in the area of flood risk management and extreme weather related events.
Challenges for Disaster Risk Management-
 Mainstreaming DRR in key development sectors
 Capacity building at local level
 Strengthening of response mechanism
Forecasting and early warning on floods and extreme weather events-
 Key early warning challenges
 Highlights of recent scientific and technical developments
 Lessons learnt for ensuring last mile connectivity/community level action on early warning
Disaster risk in a changing climate
 Emerging disaster risks as a result of climate change
 DRM practices evolving in view of emerging disaster risks in a changing climate.
National Disaster Mitigation Fund
The Government of India has released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) on 01.06.2016.
The National Disaster Mitigation Fund (NDMF) has not been set up.
Objective for creation of NBMF is for the projects exclusively for the purpose of mitigation which is being served by the existing Centrally Sponsored Schemes / Central Sector (CS) Schemes such as
 Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
 Krishonnati Yojana
 National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture
 Major Irrigation projects
 Namami Gange-National Ganga plan
 River Basin Management
 National River Conservation Plan and Water Resource Management
Keeping in view the above, the Government feels that at present there are sufficient schemes to take care of mitigation measures in different projects and the need for creation of separate NDMF has not been felt.
Financial management of disasters is undertaken as per the mechanisms available in DM Act, 2005 and there is no fund namely Disaster Management Fund.