-BRICS 2nd Meeting: Disaster Management & NDMF

2nd Meeting of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, and China & South Africa) Ministers for Disaster Management will be held in Udaipur, Rajasthan on August 22-23, 2016.

Focus on-

[] Flood Risk Management

[] Forecasting of Extreme Weather Events in the context of Changing Climate.

Outcome of-

[] Recognizing the common challenge posed by natural and man-made disasters, BRICS countries have identified Disaster Management as an important area of collaboration.

[] The Ufa Declaration signed by BRICS Nations at the 7th BRICS Summit on July 9, 2015 identified the need to promote cooperation in preventing and developing responses to emergency situations.[] Declaration also acknowledged the fruitful discussions on natural disasters within the context of BRICS cooperation in Science, Technology and Innovation.

[] It also reiterated BRICS commitment to mitigate the negative impact of climate change. All the five BRICS countries have signed the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

[] They are also parties to the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in March, 2015 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September 2015. A number of SDGs have specific targets related to Disaster Risk Management (DRM).

Objectives of this meeting are-

[] To share experiences on flood risk management particularly with regards to Flood risk assessment, Flood forecasting and Early warning and emergency response

[] To share experiences on current systems in each country for forecasting extreme weather events — heat and cold waves, and episodes of extreme rainfall– particularly in the context of a changing climate

[] To identify opportunities for- Collaboration between institutions of respective BRICS countries in the area of flood risk management and extreme weather related events.

Challenges for Disaster Risk Management-

[] Mainstreaming DRR in key development sectors

[] Capacity building at local level

[] Strengthening of response mechanism

Forecasting and early warning on floods and extreme weather events-

[] Key early warning challenges

[] Highlights of recent scientific and technical developments

[] Lessons learnt for ensuring last mile connectivity/community level action on early warning

Disaster risk in a changing climate

[] Emerging disaster risks as a result of climate change

[] DRM practices evolving in view of emerging disaster risks in a changing climate.

National Disaster Mitigation Fund

The Government of India has released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) on 01.06.2016.

The National Disaster Mitigation Fund (NDMF) has not been set up.

Objective for creation of NBMF is for the projects exclusively for the purpose of mitigation which is being served by the existing Centrally Sponsored Schemes / Central Sector (CS) Schemes such as

[] Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana

[] Krishonnati Yojana

[] National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture

[] MGNREGA

[] Major Irrigation projects

[] Namami Gange-National Ganga plan

[] River Basin Management

[] National River Conservation Plan and Water Resource Management

Keeping in view the above, the Government feels that at present there are sufficient schemes to take care of mitigation measures in different projects and the need for creation of separate NDMF has not been felt.

Financial management of disasters is undertaken as per the mechanisms available in DM Act, 2005 and there is no fund namely Disaster Management Fund.