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Photo by Guillaume Périgois on Unsplash

Most companies see public decision processes — law and norms — as a black box for read-only. Although organising a huge and long lobbying campaign is likely to be both uncertain and expensive, it doesn’t mean you have to be disconnected from this world. The sooner you become aware of a future law or norm that may affect your business (positively or negatively), the more possibilities you have to adapt your strategy accordingly or to even impact the decision-making.

To understand the subject better, we need to explain the different layers of regulating the law, the norm, and the standard:

  • the law is decided by the government, parliament, any elected or representative institution (e.g. …

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Photo by Samuel Bryngelsson on Unsplash

When mentioning smart cities one often visualises, for instance, NYC, Singapore, Seoul etc. Actually, small and medium cities are not behind in this respect, and their customised approach can contribute to a relevant deployment and use of IoTs, such as Lund in Sweden.

Small and Smart — Scandinavian medium-sized cities approach to IoT

When mentioning smart cities one often visualises, for instance, NYC, Singapore, Seoul etc. Actually, small and medium cities are not behind in this respect, and their customised approach can contribute to a relevant deployment and use of IoTs, such as Lund in Sweden.

Lund, a relatively small city of 82,000 residents in the southwest of Sweden, is only 15 minutes drive from the regional capital Malmö, directly connected by the longest European bridge with Copenhagen. Instead of being absorbed and emptied by these two big neighbours, Lund developed an interesting approach to IoT public usability. …

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Photo by Darya Tryfanava on Unsplash

An initial American concept, the third-place (or tiers-lieu in French) becomes an essential link to the smart city transition projects in France. It acts as an igniter and catalyst to developing smart villages projects. It becomes the prior first step for IoT deployment because of connectivity it requires. The third-place gives a soul and a stepping stone to the small smart cities.

The Third-place is an urban sociological concept developed by Ray Oldenburg, professor at the Pensacola University (FL), explained in the book The Great Good Place published in 1989, describing the importance to have dedicated spaces where sociological links can be maintained or recreated outside of workplaces and homes. …

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Numerous projects are being put in place to reduce delivery time in urban centers (to less than 20 minutes), but what is it like for rural areas? Will the gap between the free instant delivery on one side and paid 3+ days delivery on the other increase?

The last-mile of delivery is the most costly part of the process, both in urban and rural areas, for different reasons — traffic congestion in the first and large distances in the second case.

Let’s make an overview of the delivery systems (now all powered by IoT) actually used, tested, or prototyped:

Person delivery (still mostly used): electronic signature…

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Several concomitant cultural trends are setting up the basis for the rise of IoT retrofitting business: how to give a second life to “dumb -but fancy- objects”.

The industrial retrofitting is already being introduced, and will probably be reinforced by the Covid-19 crisis which forces the relocation of specific productions and factories. Yet, another retrofitting movement is on the verge to be democratised. Reusing the body and other functional parts of old electronic devices.

Instead of putting it into trash, anyone can transform a nice old 70’s radio into a Bluetooth speaker having no background in engineering. …

Is there a minimum size requirement to deploy an IoT framework to become a smart city? A tiny French village of only 1500 inhabitants proves there isn’t.

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Photo by Olivier Collet on Unsplash

Some years ago, in the middle of Brittany (France’s westernmost region), the mayor of a small village, Saint-Sulpice-la-Forêt, nearly fell from his chair when he found out the content of his mail on a sunny morning.

A water bill was ridiculously high in comparison to previous years. This was due to the leak in their distribution system they hadn’t noticed for over a year, which amounted to the equivalent of 26 swimming pools!

And that’s not all, looking closer, every single year, gas and electricity bills were also going up for no apparent reason. …

Approach by the end-user

Not a day passes without news about the 5G network. But the Covid-19 crisis has reminded us that the most used wireless technology is still the good old Wifi. Globally secured, stable and with no data limitations, Wifi is still the most proven technology dedicated for small and large facilities, from the families to large companies.

And speaking of it, its latest version is round the corner: Wifi 6 — for 6 GHz.

This article proposes an end-user’s approach, and we will try to find out who should get ready for the upgrade.

Wifi 6 is particularly designed for IoT coverage because it can indeed handle a lot of devices at the same time and consume less power. A similar analogy can reflect an example of McDonald’s installing self-order screens, which enables 20 customers to order at the same time instead of just 4 at the till. Even if the kitchen (your Internet debit) was still the same size, everything would become more fluid. …

IoTs have been created to be connected, otherwise they are just “things”. There are several ways for the IoT to send the data collected, depending on :

  • its location (in the ground, in a forest, in the ocean or on the roof of a building in a city)
  • the type of data it sends (heavy video content or just a very light binary code)
  • its electric consumption, and its access to electric source, or the size of battery

Thus, the question is: what do I want to send, where from and what will be the source of power?

In short, the technologies available are…

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I wrote this article and customised the scheme, first for me and my own understanding of the IoT technical architecture, which always seems complex for a non-engineer profile.

So I tried to simplify it to the maximum, in order for the reader to understand the logic behind each stage of the architecture, consisting of the 5 steps that bring data from a source all the way up to its usability.

As it generates a lot of data, which are expensive to store online and not fully useful, we need several layers of technology and communication devices to filter those enormous data volumes, and according to that reduce the storage costs, improving the efficiency of an overall process. …

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Beyond the needs identified so far, such as a data security specialist, data analyst or cloud-edge administrator, which are an extension of professions existing already, it was interesting for us to discuss the upcoming brand new jobs.

Those entirely new jobs are created by the explosion and democratization of IoT in all sectors of the economy and our lives.

Many examples come from an excellent and funny French book, by an incredibly talented foresight writer Anne-Caroline Paucot: Dico de métiers de demain ( (in French only).

Sensors cleaner

An arrival of all types of sensors (especially RFID) will create a smart waste, composed by forgotten, abandoned or broken sensors. This will be especially true in future smart cities. Beyond the environmental issue, health and privacy concerns will make it crucial to localise, identify the ownership and clean (remove) those ghost IoT sensors, particularly to prevent back door hacking. …


Benjamin Daix

French Marketer specialised in tech and IoT / Malmö and Warsaw /

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