Our understanding of media power (and of what it means to call something propaganda) must make room for a variety of potential collective and individual influences. This includes corporations, interest groups, activist groups, and other traditional collectives; it should also include the new forms of individual and collective presence that digital communications facilitate. This includes state-sponsored online actors and ad-hoc user collectives.
What’s Propaganda Got To Do With It?
Caroline Jack

What are your thoughts on Herman and Chomsky? They make the definitive argument for a structural analysis of power that doesn’t rest on the state being main actor.