Appendix: Sources & Inspirations

Benjamin Lang
15 min readApr 19, 2020

Here is a (more or less) complete collection of relevant sources that shaped my thinking about what you’ve just read over the last 5 years. Thanks to all the giants for letting me stand on their shoulders!

Scientific Research Paper

Singh, Chandralekha. “When physical intuition fails.” American Journal of Physics 70.11 (2002): 1103–1109.

Perkins, David N., and Gavriel Salomon. “Are cognitive skills context-bound?.” Educational researcher 18.1 (1989): 16–25.

Niedderer, Hans, and Horst Schecker. “Towards an explicit description of cognitive systems for research in physics learning.” Research in physics learning: Theoretical issues and empirical studies (1992): 74–98.

de Jong, Ton, and Monica G. Ferguson-Hessler. “Cognitive structures of good and poor novice problem solvers in physics.” Journal of Educational psychology 78.4 (1986): 279.

Greeno, James G., Allan M. Collins, and Lauren B. Resnick. “Cognition and learning.” Handbook of educational psychology 77 (1996): 15–46.

DiSessa, Andrea A. “Toward an epistemology of physics.” Cognition and instruction 10.2–3 (1993): 105–225.

Mestre, Jose P. “Cognitive aspects of learning and teaching science.” (2001).

Gaigher, Estelle, John M. Rogan, and Max Willi Hermann Braun. “Exploring the development of conceptual understanding through structured problem‐solving in Physics.” International Journal of Science Education 29.9 (2007): 1089–1110.

Schuster, David, Adriana Undreiu, and Betty Adams. “Multiple modes of reasoning in physics problem solving, with implications for instruction.” AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 951. №1. American Institute of Physics, 2007.

Niedderer, Hans. “Physics learning as cognitive development.” Bridging Research Methodology and Research Aims. Student and Faculty Contributions from the 5th ESERA Summerschool in Gilleleje, Denmark. The Danish University of Education (2001): 397–414.

Heller, Joan I., and Frederick Reif. “Prescribing effective human problem-solving processes: Problem description in physics.” Cognition and instruction 1.2 (1984): 177–216.

Redish, Edward F. “Implications of cognitive studies for teaching physics.” American Journal of Physics 62.9 (1994): 796–803.

Chi, Michelene TH, Paul J. Feltovich, and Robert Glaser. “Categorization and representation of physics problems by experts and novices.” Cognitive science 5.2 (1981): 121–152.

Robertson, William C. “Detection of cognitive structure with protocol data: Predicting performance on physics transfer problems.” Cognitive Science 14.2 (1990): 253–280.

Docktor, Jennifer L., et al. “Conceptual problem solving in high school physics.” Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research 11.2 (2015): 020106.

Krause, Eduard. “Physikalisches Denken-Wege zur Vermittlung konzeptionellen Verständnisses der Physik.” PhyDid B-Didaktik der Physik-Beiträge zur DPG-Frühjahrstagung (2013).

Krause, Eduard. “Analogien im Physikunterricht-Warum Analogien in der Physik mehr sind als nur allgemeine heuristische Prinzipien.” PhyDid B-Didaktik der Physik-Beiträge zur DPG-Frühjahrstagung (2014).

Leak, Anne E., et al. “Examining problem solving in physics-intensive Ph. D. research.” Physical Review Physics Education Research 13.2 (2017): 020101.

Bimba, A., et al. “Problem representation for understanding physics problem.” Research notes in Information Science 14 (2013): 621–625.

Broggy, Joanne, and George McClelland. “Integrating Concept Mapping into Higher Education: A Case study with Physics Education Students in an Irish University.” British education research association 1.1 (2009): 1–13.

Redish, Edward F. “A theoretical framework for physics education research: Modeling student thinking.” arXiv preprint physics/0411149 (2004).

Gerace, William J., and Ian D. Beatty. “Teaching vs. learning: Changing perspectives on problem solving in physics instruction.” arXiv preprint physics/0508131 (2005).

Dufresne, Robert J., et al. “ASK-IT/A2L: Assessing student knowledge with instructional technology.” arXiv preprint physics/0508144 (2005).

Roschelle, Jeremy, and James G. Greeno. Mental models in expert physics reasoning. No. GK-2. CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY, 1987.

Larkin, Jill H. “The role of problem representation in physics.” Mental models. Psychology Press, 2014. 83–106.

Anzai, Yuichiro, and Tohru Yokoyama. “Internal models in physics problem solving.” Cognition and Instruction 1.4 (1984): 397–450.

Freitas, Isabel M., Roque Jiménez, and Vicente Mellado. “Solving physics problems: The conceptions and practice of an experienced teacher and an inexperienced teacher.” Research in Science Education 34.1 (2004): 113–133.

Sabella, Mel Stephan. Using the context of physics problem-solving to evaluate the coherence of student knowledge. 1999.

Pradhan, H. C., and A. K. Mody. “Constructivism applied to physics teaching for capacity building of undergraduate students.” University News 47.21 (2009): 4–10.

Greca, Ileana Maria, and Marco Antonio Moreira. “Mental models, conceptual models, and modelling.” International journal of science education 22.1 (2000): 1–11.

Ornek, Funda. “Models in Science Education: Applications of Models in Learning and Teaching Science.” International Journal of Environmental and Science Education 3.2 (2008): 35–45.

Hestenes, David. “Conceptual Modeling in physics, mathematics and cognitive science.” (2015).

Redish, Edward F., and Richard N. Steinberg. “Teaching Physics: Figuring Out What Works.” (1999).

Leonard, William J., William J. Gerace, and Robert J. Dufresne. “Concept-based problem solving: Making concepts the language of physics.” University of Massachusetts Physics Education Research Group Technical Report (1999).

Larkin, Jill H., et al. “Models of competence in solving physics problems.” Cognitive science 4.4 (1980): 317–345.

Gerace, William J., et al. “Problem solving and conceptual understanding.” Proceedings of the 2001 Physics education research conference. Physics Education Research Conference, Annual Conference, 2001.

Greca, Ileana Maria, and Marco Antonio Moreira. “Mental, physical, and mathematical models in the teaching and learning of physics.” Science education 86.1 (2002): 106–121.

Leonard, William J., et al. “Concept-Based Problem Solving: Combining Educational Research Results and Practical Experience To Create a Framework for Learning Physics and To Derive Effective Classroom Practices.” (1999).

Larkin, Jill H., and F. Reif. “Understanding and teaching problem‐solving in physics.” European journal of science education 1.2 (1979): 191–203.

Wieman, Carl, and Katherine Perkins. “Transforming physics education.” Physics today 58.11 (2005): 36.

Docktor, Jennifer L., José P. Mestre, and Brian H. Ross. “Impact of a short intervention on novices’ categorization criteria.” Physical review special topics-physics education research 8.2 (2012): 020102.

Syed, M. Qasim. “Going beyond Equations with Disciplinary Thinking in First-Year Physics.” Journal of College Teaching & Learning 12.2 (2015): 127–140.

Van Heuvelen, Alan. “Learning to think like a physicist: A review of research‐based instructional strategies.” American Journal of physics 59.10 (1991): 891–897.

Reif, Frederick. “Millikan Lecture 1994: Understanding and teaching important scientific thought processes.” American Journal of Physics 63.1 (1995): 17–32.

Rakbamrung, Prissana, Preeyanan Thepnuan, and Nattaphon Nujenjit. “Use of a system thinking learning force and motion concept in Physics for nurse course.” Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 197 (2015): 126–134.

Hägele, Peter C. “Physik–Weltbild oder Naturbild?.” Skript zur Tagung der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft am 31 (2000): 2000.

Schimming, Rainer, and Herbert Hörz. “Prinzipien der Physik.” Sitzungsberichte Leibniz-Sozietät der Wissenschaften 101 (2009): 111–133.

Main, Peter. “Thinking like a physicist: design criteria for a physics curriculum.” School Science Review 95.352 (2014): 46–52.

Dardashti, Radin, Richard Dawid, and Karim Thébault, eds. Why trust a theory?: Epistemology of fundamental physics. Cambridge University Press, 2019.

Main, Peter, and Charles Tracy. “Defining physics.” Physics World 26.04 (2013): 17.

Duhem, Pierre. Ziel und Struktur der physikalischen Theorien. Vol. 477. Felix Meiner Verlag, 1998.

Livio, Mario. “Physics: Why symmetry matters.” Nature 490.7421 (2012): 472–473.

Manogue, Corinne A., et al. “Upper‐Division Activities That Foster “Thinking Like A Physicist”.” AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1289. №1. American Institute of Physics, 2010.

Smith, Alpheus W. “Physics as a Way of Thinking.” LJ Student B. Ass’n Ohio St. U. 2 (1935): 241.

Gelder, Tim Van. “Teaching critical thinking: Some lessons from cognitive science.” College teaching 53.1 (2005): 41–48.

Shaughnessy, Michael F., Manuel Varela, and Zhiming Liu. “Critical Thinking in Science: What Are the Basics?.” World 4.4 (2017).

Schafersman, Steven D. “An Introduction to Science.” Scientific Thinking and the Scientific Method. Accessed 20.10.2015 (1994).

Schafersman, Steven D. “An introduction to critical thinking.” (1991): 1–3.

Gross, David J. “The role of symmetry in fundamental physics.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 93.25 (1996): 14256–14259.

Buffler, Andy. “Effective use of models in physics teaching and learning.” (2007).

Kokkonen, Tommi Petteri. “Concepts and concept learning in physics-the systemic view.” (2017).


Brading, Katherine, and Elena Castellani, eds. Symmetries in physics: philosophical reflections. Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Batterman, Robert W., ed. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Physics. Oxford University Press, 2013.

Viennot, Laurence. Reasoning in physics: The part of common sense. Springer Science & Business Media, 2001.

Viennot, Laurence. Thinking in physics: The pleasure of reasoning and understanding. Springer Science & Business Media, 2014.

Krauss, Lawrence M. Fear of physics: a guide for the perplexed. Basic Books, 2007.

Brody, Thomas A. The philosophy behind physics. Springer Science & Business Media, 2012.

Arthur, W. Brian. The nature of technology: What it is and how it evolves. Simon and Schuster, 2009.

Klosterman, Chuck. But what If We’re Wrong?: Thinking about the Present as If it Were the Past. Penguin, 2017.

Watts, Duncan J. Everything is obvious:* Once you know the answer. Currency, 2011.

Schulz, Kathryn. Being wrong: Adventures in the margin of error. Granta Books, 2011.

Arbesman, Samuel. The half-life of facts: Why everything we know has an expiration date. Penguin, 2013.

Bejan, Adrian. The physics of life: the evolution of everything. St. Martin’s Press, 2016.

Dartnell, Lewis. The knowledge: How to rebuild our world from scratch. Random House, 2014.

Czerski, Helen. Storm in a Teacup: The physics of everyday life. Random House, 2016.

Bloomfield, Louis A. How things work: the physics of everyday life. John Wiley & Sons, 2015.

Berger, Peter L., Thomas Luckmann, and Dariuš Zifonun. “The social construction of reality.” (1967).

Guala, Francesco. Understanding institutions: The science and philosophy of living together. Princeton University Press, 2016.

Bohm, David. The special theory of relativity. Routledge, 2015.

Bohm, David. On dialogue. Routledge, 2013.

Kuran, Timur. Private truths, public lies: The social consequences of preference falsification. Harvard University Press, 1997.

Bahcall, Safi. Loonshots: How to nurture the crazy ideas that win wars, cure diseases, and transform industries. St. Martin’s Press, 2019.

Beinhocker, Eric D. The origin of wealth: Evolution, complexity, and the radical remaking of economics. Harvard Business Press, 2006.

Gall, John. Systemantics: the underground text of systems lore: how systems really work and especially how they fail. General Systemantics Press, 1986.

Rau, A. Ravi P. The Beauty of Physics: Patterns, Principles, and Perspectives. OUP Oxford, 2014.

Jain, Kapur Mal. Thinking Physics This Way: Welcome to the World of Physics. Partridge Publishing, 2015.

Cathcart, Thomas, and Daniel Klein. Plato and a Platypus Walk into a Bar…: Understanding Philosophy Through Jokes. Penguin, 2008.

Harford, Tim. Adapt: Why success always starts with failure. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011.

Bevelin, Peter. Seeking wisdom: from Darwin to Munger. PCA Publications LLC, 2007.

MacKay, David. Sustainable Energy-without the hot air. UIT Cambridge, 2008.

Allwood, Julian M., et al. Sustainable materials: with both eyes open. Cambridge, UK: UIT Cambridge Limited, 2012.

Lewin, Walter. For the Love of Physics: From the End of the Rainbow to the Edge of Time-a Journey Through the Wonders of Physics. Simon and Schuster, 2011.

Ben-Naim, Arieh. A Farewell to Entropy: Statistical Thermodynamics Based on Information: S. World Scientific, 2008.

Hidalgo, Cesar. Why information grows: The evolution of order, from atoms to economies. Basic Books, 2015.

Ashton, Kevin. How to fly a horse: The secret history of creation, invention, and discovery. New York, NY: Doubleday, 2015.

Johnson, Steven. How we got to now: Six innovations that made the modern world. Riverhead books, 2015.

Johnson, Steven. Where good ideas come from: The natural history of innovation. Penguin, 2011.

Christensen, Clayton M. The innovator’s dilemma: when new technologies cause great firms to fail. Harvard Business Review Press, 2013.

Christensen, Clayton, and Michael Raynor. The innovator’s solution: Creating and sustaining successful growth. Harvard Business Review Press, 2013.

Abbott, Edwin. Flatland. Broadview Press, 2009.

Verganti, Roberto. Overcrowded: designing meaningful products in a world awash with ideas. MIT Press, 2017.

Johansson, Frans. The medici effect. Penerbit Serambi, 2004.