How Ground Stabilisation Protects People and Land
The worldwide abuses of the environment have brought this planet to its proverbial knees. Human determination to persevere has created some techniques and materials that continue to improve and advance as challenges arise. Earthquakes, for example, are terrifying, destructive, and increasing.
In addition to the natural movement of the tectonic plates under the surface, excessive mining, bomb and weapons testing, and deep sea drilling have compounded the problem. The solutions created include early warning systems and buildings constructed on coils or rolling plates so they can withstand earthquakes. Flooding due to rivers being re-routed for convenience, is combated with underground drainage systems and advanced pumping systems to clean up the mess.
When levels of pollution, excessive mining and drilling for oil, gas, gold, and diamonds, and depletion of soil minerals via chemicals make the ground unstable, techniques and methods were devised to correct the side effects. Soft soil, for example, can be supported via soil nailing. Special nails are placed in the soil to aid in earth retention. These can be used to keep buildings from sinking, support bridge and railway foundations, and provide erosion control.
The use of shotcreting services is instrumental in protecting people and equipment from mining tunnel collapses, shifting rock formations, and threats from cliff faces and slopes. It is a form of concrete that is easy to use, fast to set, and requires minimal disruption. The mix is sprayed onto surfaces at high velocity via a hose. Because it sets almost immediately, it can be sprayed in any direction, including overhead.
Instant support for tunnels and vertical retaining walls for rocks and slopes near homes and roads sare successful uses of shotcrete. Protection from cliffs and open excavation sites, or holes in the ground from bomb and missile testing, can also keep people safe by the shotcreting process
A wide variety of finishes are available to make the finished project appear as aesthetically pleasing as possible. Architectural finishes can be selected when the process is used for construction, or to make tourist attractions safer. One can only hope these innovations are enough to counteract the destruction caused for progress.