Macular degeneration and the vitamins used to curb it

Macular Degeneration is a very debilitating disease that affects people after a certain age. Usually it starts showing up after a person turns 50 but there are cases that are known to have the onset of the disease a little earlier than 50. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness the world over. It has been so since a few years now. It is affects more people than cataract and glaucoma combined!

We still don’t know the cause of the disease. That is why at present it is still considered an incurable eye disease. What really happens during the disease is that the central region of the retina gets deteriorated over time. As mentioned before, we don’t know how this happens. The region is also known as the inside back layer of your retina. This region is responsible for the function of recording the images that we see and sending them via the optic nerve from the eye to the brain.

If you compare the human eye to the camera, the macula is the most sensitive and central part of the ‘film’. When working in top form, the macula records highly detailed images you see and sends them to the brain through the optic nerve. When the cells in the macula deteriorate, the images are not sent properly. During the early stages, the disease does not affect the vision as much. But as the disease progresses, the patient may begin to see blurry vision and blank spaces creep into his/her line of vision. If the condition worsens then there is a distinct possibility of complete loss of vision.

Macular degeneration is of two types: dry and wet. Wet macular degeneration always starts off as dry macular degeneration. There are three stages of macular degeneration. The first stage is the early stage which can only be detected by conducting regular eye checkups. Vision loss does not occur at this stage. The second stage is the intermediate stage wherein there may be some vision loss which can only be detected by conducting specific tests. The third stage is the late stage. In this stage, vision loss becomes noticeable.

Although there is no known cause for the disease, a few treatments are available. The most effective and common among them is the treatment with the help of macular degeneration vitamins. A dose that contains a combination of zinc and the antioxidants — Vitamin C, Vitamin E and beta-carotene is used by patients. A daily dose of these macular degeneration vitamins is helpful in curbing the effects of the disease to a certain extent. However, care must be taken to take the vitamins in the exact quantity necessary for sound functioning of the body.

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